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Italy Geography

Italy's Information

Flag of Italy
Land Area 294,140 km2
Water Area 7,200 km2
Total Area 301,340km2 (#71)
Population 62,007,540 (#23)
Population Density 210.81/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $2,220.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $36,300
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Italy
Largest Cities

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Mainland Italy extends southward into the Mediterranean Sea as a large boot-shaped peninsula. This extension of land has forced the creation of individual bodies of water, namely the Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Ligurian Sea and Tyrrhenian Sea

The northern reaches of the country are dominated by varied ranges of the Alps, a massive stretch of mountains that extends from France to Austria, and then south along the Adriatic Sea. Italy's highest point near the summit of Mont Blanc (or Monte Bianco), a mountain it shares with France, rises to 4,748 m.

The beautiful and rugged Lake District of northern Italy includes many mountain lakes, with the major ones being Como, Garda and Maggiore

The Po River Valley is positioned directly south of Alps, and runs from Turin to Venice. Rising in the Alps, the Po River is Italy's longest and the valley it dissects is the country's most fertile farmland.

The Apennine Mountains (a range of the Alps) form the backbone of the Italian peninsula, and they extend south through Italy, then directly beneath the narrow Strait of Messina to cover much of Sicily. These mountains consist of several chains and they form the peninsula's watershed, as several rivers rise in the upper elevations, including the Arno and the Tiber.

About 30% of Italy's land area consists of plains with some low, marshy areas, especially along the Adriatic Sea, from Ancona north to Venice. The coastline of the country features numerous large and small bays, as well as gulfs.

The Amalfi Coast south of Naples, and the Cinque Terra to the north of Pisa offer some of the most spectacular coastal scenery imaginable as steep rocky slopes rush down to the sea, and tiny villages with colorful houses pack much of the cliffs

Italy is renowned for its many rugged islands, most volcanic in origin. Significant ones include the large islands of Sardinia and Sicily and the smaller islands of Capri, Elba, Ischia, and the Aeolian Island group.

Much of Italy is volcanic in origin, and today a few of its many volcanoes are active, including Sicily's Mt. Etna, Stomboli in the Aeolian Islands, and volcanologists are constantly monitoring Mt. Vesuvius near Naples, as it has the potential to erupt at anytime.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Italy Trivia

What are the Demographics of Italy?

Around 8% of Italy’s population identify as one of the numerous non-Italian minorities, with Romanian Italians being the largest of the minority groups. The dominant ethnic group in Italy is the native Italians who mainly speak the Italian language

The Religious Demographics Of Italy

What is the Geography of Rome?

The geography surrounding Rome, an ancient Italian city on the banks of the Tiber River, has heavily influenced the expansion of the city through the ages. The historic city of Rome is located in the central-western part of the Italian Peninsula on the banks of the Tiber River in the Lazio region of Italy.

The Geography Of Rome

What is the Largest City in Italy?

Rome is the most populous city in Italy, followed by Milan and Naples. Rome has a population of around 2.8 million people.

The Largest Cities in Italy

What is the Currency of Italy?

The currency of Italy is Euro.

What is the Currency of Italy?

What Kind of Government Does Italy Have?

Italy has a parliamentary republic type of government, complete with the Executive, Judiciary, and Legislative divisions. The 1948 Constitution provides the framework for Italy's government.

What Type of Government Does Italy Have?

What are the Biggest Industries in Italy?

It is estimated that tourism accounts for 11.8% of Italy's GDP and 12.8% of the total jobs. The country boasts 51 UNESCO as world heritage sites, the most of any other country in the world.

What are the Biggest Industries in Italy?

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Italy regions & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Abruzzo L'Aquila
Aosta Valley Aosta
Apulia Bari
Basilicata Potenza
Calabria Catanzaro
Campania Napoli
Emilia-Romagna Bologna
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Trieste
Lazio Rome
Liguria Genoa
Lombardy Milano
Marche Ancona
Molise Campobasso
Piedmont Turin
Sardinia Cagliari Sardinia
Sicily Palermo Sicily
Trentino-South Tyrol Trento
Tuscany Florence
Umbria Perugia
Veneto Venice

Countries of Europe