Latitude: (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.
Longitude:(shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians.
Middle East Latitude and Longitude examples: (see map)
|Ankara, Turkey:||39°||55'||N||/ 32°||51'||E|
|Baghdad, Iraq:||33°||19'||N||/ 44°||25'||E|
|Islamabad, Pakistan:||33°||43'||N||/ 73°||3'||E|
|Muscat, Oman:||23°||36'||N||/ 58°||35'||E|
|Riyadh, Saudi Arabia:||24°||42'||N||/ 46°||43'||E|
|Sana, Yemen:||15°||21'||N||/ 44°||12'||E|
|Tehran, Iran:||35°||41'||N||/ 51°||25'||E|