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Burkina Faso Facts

Burkina Faso's Information

Flag of Burkina Faso
Land Area 273,800 km2
Water Area 400 km2
Total Area 274,200km2 (#74)
Population 19,512,533 (#59)
Population Density 71.27/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $32.99 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,800
Currency Franc (XOF)
More Information Burkina Faso
Largest Cities
  • Name: Burkina Faso
  • Capital City: Oaugadougou (1,475,223 pop.)
    (1,727,390 metro)
  • Burkina Faso Population: 17,812,961 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: West African CFA franc
    (conversion rates)

    West African CFA franc
    5000 West African CFA francs
  • Ethnicity: Mossi over 40%, other approximately 60% (includes Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani)
  • GDP total: $24.03 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $1,400 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family are spoken by 90% of the population
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Oaugadougou, Bobo Dioulasso, Koudougou
  • Name: Meaning, "Land of honest man," the name was selected by President Thomas Sankara following his 1983 coup.
  • National Day: December 11
  • Religion: Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
  • Symbols

Burkina Faso Trivia

What is the Culture of Burkina Faso Like?

Burkina Faso has great ethnic diversity. The Mossi is the largest ethnic community living in the country, comprising of 52% of the population. The ethnic minorities with a significant presence in the country are the Fulani (8.4%), Gurma (7%), Bobo (4.9%), Gurunsi (4.6%), and Senufo (4.5%). The legacy of the French colonial rule in Burkina Faso is visible in the country. For one thing, the official language in Burkina Faso is French. Different ethnic groups also speak their own indigenous languages. Muslims represent 61.5% of the population of Burkina Faso. Christians, both Catholics and Protestants, are also present in significant numbers. A large section of the population adheres to the traditional indigenous religions.

The Culture Of Burkina Faso

What Languages are Spoken in Burkina Faso?

French is Burkina Faso’s official language. Mossi is the most widely spoken language of Burkina Faso, as it is spoken by nearly 40% of the country’s population. Most people living in the country’s urban areas are multilingual, while the rural population uses their native languages for common activities.

What Languages Are Spoken in Burkina Faso?

Which Is The Largest Ethnic Group In Burkina Faso?

The Mossi is the largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso and accounts for 50.2% of the country’s population. The Fulani, Bobo, Gurma, and Mandé are some of the ethnic minorities of the country.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Burkina Faso

What is the Capital of Burkina Faso?

The capital city of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou.

What is the Capital of Burkina Faso?

What Is The Dominant Religious Belief In Burkina Faso?

Islam is the religion of the majority in Burkina Faso. 61.1% of the country’s population adhere to this religion. 19.0% of the population practice Roman Catholicism. 11.3% practice indigenous African beliefs. Protestant Christianity is the religion of 5.5% of the population.

Religious Beliefs In Burkina Faso

What is the tallest mountain in Burkina Faso?

Mount Tena Kourou is the highest mountain in Burkina Faso standing at the height of 2,457 feet above sea level.

Tallest Mountains In Burkina Faso

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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