Biggest Cities In Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou​, the capital and largest city of Burkina Faso. Dave Primov /
Ouagadougou​, the capital and largest city of Burkina Faso. Dave Primov /

Burkina Faso is a country in the western part of Africa covering an area of 105,900 square miles. It has a population of approximately 17.3 million. Burkina Faso is a landlocked country and it is surrounded by six states; Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ivory Coast, and Ghana. Burkina Faso was colonized by the French until 1960 when it gained independence. It is a francophone country, and French is the official language. There are ten large cities and more than fifty other towns in the country; it is considered a developing country and it is undergoing rapid urbanization as more people move toward urban areas in search of improved social amenities and job employments.

Biggest Cities In Burkina Faso


Ouagadougou is the capital and the largest city in the country. It has a population of approximately 1.7 million and covers an area of approximately 84.7 square miles. Ouagadougou is located in the center region in the province of Kadiogo that is governed by the mayor. Ouagadougou is an administrative, cultural, economic, and communication center. Ii it the most industrial city in the county housing textile processing, and manufacturing companies. The city is served by an international airport and a railway which links it to Abidjan, Ivory Coast. The city’s climate is influenced by the harmattan and monsoon winds, with three seasons in a year, the rainy season, the dry season, and the cold season


Bobo-Dioulasso is the second largest city in Burkina Faso after Ouagadougou. It is located 220 miles from the capital in the Hauts-Bassins region, Houet province. It covers an area of approximately 52.81 square miles and a population of 537,728. The city was used by the French colonialists to identify the tribes living in the town. It is a center of culture, music, agricultural trade, and textile. The city has various attraction sites which are evidenced by the great and unique architecture, the great Bobo-Dioulasso mosque built in 1880, the Dafra which is a sacred pond, the regional museum, the zoo, and the pottery market.


Ouahigouya is a city in the northern part of the country. It is located in the Nord region, Yatenga Province 113 miles northwest of the capital. The city has a population of 122,677, and it is the third-largest town. Ouahigouya was founded in the year 1757, and its economy majorly depends on agriculture, but other industries such as commerce and craft are found. The town has a hot semi-arid climate. The population is served by two dams which supply households, industrial, and irrigation water.


Banfora is a city located in the Cascades region (Cascades de Karfiguela), Comoe province 53 miles from Bobo-Dioulasso in the southeastern part of the country. It has an estimated population of 93,750, and it is the fourth largest city in the country. Its economy has gradually grown due to the sugar cane, and small tourism industry.

Other Large Cities Of Burkina Faso

Other cities in Burkina Faso are; Koudougou city which is located in Boulkiemde Province, 47 miles west of the capital and has a population of 91,981. Its main economic activity is agriculture. Fada N’gourma city is found in Gourma province 219 km away from the capital. It has a population of approximately 51,421. The city is an important market place in the eastern part of the country. Tenkodogo City is located in Boulgou Province; it is a hot semi-arid area with a population of 48,539 who mainly depend on animal husbandry as their economic activity.

Biggest Cities In Burkina Faso

RankBiggest Cities in Burkina FasoMetro Population
7Fada N'gourma

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