Togo is a small country occupying an area of only 56,785 sq. km in West Africa. The country extends as a long strip of land from its southern coast on the Bight of Benin. The coastline is 56 km long.
The country is divided into six distinct geographic regions.
To the south, the landscape along the narrow coast features low-lying sandy beaches that give way to tidal flats and shallow lagoons. As observed on the physical map above, Lake Togo, a lagoon, is located in this region.
The Ouatchi Plateau with an average elevation from 60 to 90 m, stretches inland for around 32 km beyond the coast. To the northeast of this plateau is a tableland with elevations ranging from 400 to 460 m. The Mono River and its tributaries drain this region.
The elevation of land gradually rises to the southwest and west of this tableland to form the Togo Mountains which host the highest point in the country, the 986 m tall Mount Agou.
As shown on the map, the Oti River's watershed comprising of a sandstone plateau drained by the Oti and its tributaries is located to the north of the Togo Mountains.
The Dapaong cliffs are located further northwest.
The map also displays the location of some of Togo's major cities. The capital city of Lome is located in the coastal region of the country.
Togo is divided into five administrative regions. In alphabetical order, these regions are Centrale, Kara, Maritime, Plateaux, and Savanes. These regions are further subdivided into 30 prefectures.
With an area of 16,975 sq. km, Plateaux is the largest region of Togo while Maritime is the most populous one.
Lomé, the capital and largest city of Togo, is located in the Maritime Region.
Togo is a small West African country. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by three African nations; Burkina Faso to the north, Ghana to the west, and Benin to the east. The Bight of Benin of the Gulf of Guinea borders Togo to the south.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Togolese Republic|
|6 07 N, 1 13 E|
|Independence||27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)|
|Total Area||56,785 km2|
|Land Area||54,385 km2|
|Water Area||2,400 km2|
|Total Border||1,880 km|
|Bordering Countries||Benin 651 km, Burkina Faso 131 km, Ghana 1098 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north|
|Coordinates||8 00 N, 1 10 E|
|Mean Elevation||236 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||986 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Adja-Ewe/Mina 42.4%, Kabye/Tem 25.9%, Para-Gourma/Akan 17.1%, Akposso/Akebu 4.1%, Ana-Ife 3.2%, other Togolese 1.7%, foreigners 5.2%, no response .4% (2013-14 est.)|
|Languages||French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)|
|Religions||Christian 43.7%, folk 35.6%, Muslim 14%, Hindu <.1%, Buddhist <.1%, Jewish <.1%, other .5%, none 6.2% (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$675.54|
|Exports||Reexports, cotton, phosphates, coffee, cocoa|
This page was last updated on October 12, 2020