Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. km.
As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies less than 152 meters above sea level.
The country's highest point, Mount Afadjato as marked on the map to the southeast of the country with a yellow upright triangle. It rises only 880 m. The lowest point is the Gulf of Guinea at 0 m.
Ghana's coastline is low and sandy, backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe.
A tropical rain forest belt (central and east) broken by heavily forested hills and many streams and rivers, extends northward from the coastline.
To the north of this region, the topography varies from 91 to 396 m above sea level and is covered by low bush, park-like savanna, and scattered grassy plains.
Formed by the Akosombo Dam, and completed in 1965, Lake Volta is the largest reservoir by surface area in the world and the fourth largest one by water volume. It is located completely within Ghana, and it has a surface area of about 8,502 square km.
In the north, the Oti and the Black Volta and White Volta rivers drain into Lake Volta, which then flows south towards the sea.
Ghana is divided into 16 regions that are further subdivided into 212 districts and then into councils and unit committees.
The 16 regions of Ghana are Ahafo, Ashanti, Bono, Bono East, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, North East, Northern, Oti, Savannah, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western, and Western North.
The national capital of Accra is located in the Greater Accra Region.
Ghana is a country in West Africa. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere. The Prime Meridian passes through it. The three countries of Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Togo border Ghana to the west, north, and east respectively. The country has a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean in the south.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Ghana|
|5 33 N, 0 13 W|
|Independence||6 March 1957 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||238,533 km2|
|Land Area||227,533 km2|
|Water Area||11,000 km2|
|Total Border||2,420 km|
|Bordering Countries||Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1098 km|
|Climate||Tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north|
|Coordinates||8 00 N, 2 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||190 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||885 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Akan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, Mande 1.1%, other 1.4% (2010 est.)|
|Languages||Asante 16%, Ewe 14%, Fante 11.6%, Boron (Brong) 4.9%, Dagomba 4.4%, Dangme 4.2%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.9%, Kokomba 3.5%, Akyem 3.2%, Ga 3.1%, other 31.2% (2010 est.)|
|Religions||Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,202.12|
|Exports||Oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020