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Maps of Ghana

Physical Map of Ghana displaying the state boundaries, terrain, Lake Volta, extreme points, important cities, and more.

Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. km. 

As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies less than 152 meters above sea level.

The country's highest point, Mount Afadjato as marked on the map to the southeast of the country with a yellow upright triangle. It rises only 880 m. The lowest point is the Gulf of Guinea at 0 m.

Ghana's coastline is low and sandy, backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe.

A tropical rain forest belt (central and east) broken by heavily forested hills and many streams and rivers, extends northward from the coastline. 

To the north of this region, the topography varies from 91 to 396 m above sea level and is covered by low bush, park-like savanna, and scattered grassy plains.

Formed by the Akosombo Dam, and completed in 1965, Lake Volta is the largest reservoir by surface area in the world and the fourth largest one by water volume. It is located completely within Ghana, and it has a surface area of about 8,502 square km.

In the north, the Oti and the Black Volta and White Volta rivers drain into Lake Volta, which then flows south towards the sea.

Regions of Ghana Map

Political Map of Ghana showing the 16 regions and the national capital of Accra.

Ghana is divided into 16 regions that are further subdivided into 212 districts and then into councils and unit committees. 

The 16 regions of Ghana are Ahafo, Ashanti, Bono, Bono East, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, North East, Northern, Oti, Savannah, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western, and Western North.

The national capital of Accra is located in the Greater Accra Region.

Where is Ghana?

Where is Ghana?

Ghana is a country in West Africa. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere. The Prime Meridian passes through it. The three countries of Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Togo border Ghana to the west, north, and east respectively. The country has a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean in the south.

Ghana Bordering Countries: Burkina Faso, Togo, Cote D'Ivoire.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Ghana

Blank Outline Map of Ghana

The blank outline map represents the West African country of Ghana. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for educational purposes.

Outline Map of Ghana

The outline map represents the country of Ghana that is located in West Africa with the southern coastline on the Gulf of Guinea.

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Ghana
Capital City Accra
5 33 N, 0 13 W
Independence 6 March 1957 (from the UK)

Geography

Total Area 238,533 km2
Land Area 227,533 km2
Water Area 11,000 km2
Total Border 2,420 km
Coastline 539 km
Bordering Countries Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1098 km
Climate Tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Coordinates 8 00 N, 2 00 W
Mean Elevation 190 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Atlantic Ocean
Highest Elevation 885 m
Mount Afadjato

Demographics

Population 30,417,856
Major Cities
  1. Kumasi (3,348,062)
  2. Accra (2,514,005)
  3. Sekondi Takoradi (945,519)
  4. Tamale (641,911)
Ethnic Groups Akan 47.5%, Mole-Dagbon 16.6%, Ewe 13.9%, Ga-Dangme 7.4%, Gurma 5.7%, Guan 3.7%, Grusi 2.5%, Mande 1.1%, other 1.4% (2010 est.)
Languages Asante 16%, Ewe 14%, Fante 11.6%, Boron (Brong) 4.9%, Dagomba 4.4%, Dangme 4.2%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.9%, Kokomba 3.5%, Akyem 3.2%, Ga 3.1%, other 31.2% (2010 est.)
Religions Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 est.)

Economy

Currency cedis (GHC)
GDP $66.98 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,202.12
Exports Oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products

This page was last updated on October 11, 2020

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