|Land Area||2,381,741 km2|
|Total Area||2,381,741km2 (#10)|
|Government Type||Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$609.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$15,000|
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3000BC - 700AD
- (3000BC) Berber people settled coastal regions of north Africa
- (1000BC) Phoenicians colonized Algerian coast
- (200BC) Kingdom of Numidia in northern Algeria established by Massinissa
- (148BC) Massinissa died during siege of Carthage
- (148BC) Romans created protectorate over Numidia, divided between three of Massinissa's sons
- (46BC) Julius Caesar formed new province of Africa Nova from Numidia
- (429AD) Roman rule ended following invasion of the Vandals
- (432AD) Vandals ruled complete region
- (683) Arab invasion introduced Islam to region
- (702) Arabs conquered all of Algeria
- (784) Rustamid dynasty established by Abd al-Wahhab
- (1000s) Almoravids from Morocco conquered much of northwest Africa, from Morocco, across to Algeria and up into Spain
- (1505) Spain took control of Mers el Kebir
- (1509) Spanish captured city of Oran
- (1510) Spanish controlled cities of Tlemcen, Mostaganem, Tenes
- (1516) Greco-Turkish pirate, Aroudj Barbarossa, established Algiers
- (1518) Aroudj Barbarossa killed by Spaniards
- (1530 - 1549) Khayr Ad-Din (Redbeard), united Algeria and Tunisia as military states under Ottoman rule
- (1541) Spanish troops besieged Algiers
- (1620 - 1621) Plague struck Algiers killing 30,000 to 50,000
- (1681) Regency of Algiers declared war on France
- (1681) French Royal Navy ship captured by Barbary pirates, captain and crew sold into slavery at Algiers
- (1708) Turks seized Oran from Spanish
- (1732) Spanish reoccupied Oran
- (1790) Earthquake struck Oran, destroyed most of the town; 3,000 people buried by rubble
- (1797) French ordered wheat from Algiers, wheat was delivered but never paid as French considered the interest rates to be usurious
- (1801 - 1805) First Barbary War fought between United States and Barbary States
- (1815) Second Barbary War fought between USA and Tripoli, Tunis and Algeria, ended piracy in the Barbary States region
- (1830) France invaded Algeria; Ottoman officials were exiled
- (1834) French appointed governor-general for Algeria, began colonization and settlement
- (1837) Constantine, the last Ottoman stronghold in Algeria, taken by the French
- (1839) French resistance leader, Abd el-Kader, declared war on the French
- (1841) French General Thomas Robert Bugeaud defeated army supporting Abd el-Kader
- (1847) France gained control of entire region
- (1847) France determined any land not in use in Algeria could be appropriated for French settlers
- (1848) Algeria recognized as being an integral part of France
- (1867) Cholera killed over 7,000
- (1868) Famine killed 35,000
- (1881) Departments of Algiers, Oran and Constantine incorporated into metropolitan France
- (1889) French citizenship granted to all Europeans born in Algeria
- (1902) Present borders of Algeria established
- (1924) Communist Party of Algeria formed as branch of French Communist Party
- (1934) Rioters attacked Jewish shops, homes in Constantine, 27 killed, 29 injured
- (1937) Parti du Peuple Algerina (Algerian People's Party) founded by Algerian nationalist, Messali Hadj, operated underground
- (1938) Ferhat Abbas formed Union Populaire Algerienne (Algerian Popular Union), called for equal rights for Algerian Muslims, preservation of native culture
- (1939) France declared war on Germany; 350,000 from French North Africa mobilized
- (1940) British destroyed French battle fleet at Oran, 1267 killed
- (1942) Allied forces seized control of French Vichy administration of Algeria; became base for Free French
- (1945) Demonstrations for independence turned violent in Setif, French troops called in, thousands of Muslims were killed
- (1946) Ferhat Abbas formed Union Democratique du Manifeste Algerian (Democratic Union of Algerian Manifesto), called for creation of independent Algeria, rather than province of France
- (1947) Organisation Speciale (OS, Special organization) formed as paramilitary arm
- (1949) OS attacked central post office in Oran
- (1950) French arrested several leaders of OS, Ahmed Ben Bella sentenced to eight years in prison for the attack on the post office
- (1952) Ahmed Ben Bella escaped from prison, fled to Cairo
- (1954) Earthquake in Orleansville killed 1,460
- (1954) Guerrilla attacks in Aures Mountains started the struggle for Algeria's independence
- (1954) 450,000 French troops deployed to Algeria to combat the Algerian liberation forces
- (1956) Battle of Algiers began; France build electric fences along borders with Morocco and Tunisia
- (1956) French intercepted Moroccan plane, arrested Algerian statesman, Ben Bella
- (1956 - 1959) French placed millions of minefields along eastern, western borders of Algeria
- (1962) Formal ceasefire agreement, the Evian Accords, signed with agreement to hold referendum on Algeria's independence
- (1962) Independence declared; Ben Bella elected Prime Minister, Abderrahmane Fares as President of Provisional Executive
- (1963) Following referendum on the constitution, Ahmed Ben Bella became president
- (1965) Ben Bella's government was overthrown by former ally and defense minister, Colonel Houari Boumediene and Revolutionary Council; pledged to end corruption in government
Which Languages Are Spoken in Algeria?
Modern Standard Arabic and Tamazight are the two official languages of Algeria.
What Languages Are Spoken In Algeria?
What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Algeria?
Algeria is predominantly made of Berbers, who are the indigenous people of Algeria, and a few minority groups such as Turkish people, French, Italians, and Spaniards.
Ethnic Groups In Algeria
What Are The Native Plants Of Algeria?
Algeria is a sovereign nation located in North Africa. The landscapes of Algeria including deserts, mountains, valleys, basins, and plateaus support over 1000 species of flora. 178 of these species are endemic to the country. The Algerian Fir, Algerian Peony, and Saharan Cypress, Slender Flower Thistle, Lamarck's Bedstraw, Brome Fescue, etc., are some of Algeria’s native plant species.
Native Plants Of Algeria
What is the Biggest City in Algeria?
Algiers is the largest city in Algeria. It has a population of around 5 million people.
The Biggest Cities In Algeria
Are There Any UNESCO Sites in Algeria?
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria include the Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad, Djémila, the Kasbah of Algiers, and M'zab Valley.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Algeria
What is the Largest National park in Algeria?
The largest national park in Algeria is Belezma, which has a total area of 263 square kilometers.