Tanzania has varied geography with several spectacular and globally famous natural features several of which have been represented on the physical map above.
The country has two branches of the East African Rift System that runs in the north-south direction through the country. The central part between these two mountain systems is occupied by a massive plateau covered with vast tracts of grasslands, arable lands and protected areas. Dodoma, the national capital, is located in this region.
The 5,895m tall Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak and an inactive volcano, is located in north-east Tanzania which is a highly mountainous region and part of the eastern branch of the East African Rift System. Lake Nyasa is also part of this mountain system.
Further north is the Ngorongoro Conservation Area hosting the Ngorongoro Crater marked on the physical map above, a massive volcanic caldera that is part of the Crater Highlands region. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Northwards and westwards is the renowned Serengeti National Park of Tanzania that draws tourists from across the globe to witness the annual wildlife migrations.
As can be observed on the map, the northern border of Tanzania with Kenya and Uganda has the southern portion of Lake Victoria, Africa's biggest lake and source of the River Nile.
Another famous lake, the world's second deepest one, Lake Tanganyika is located along Tanzania's border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is part of the western branch of the East African Rift System.
The eastern coast of the country comprises of a narrow band of coastal lowlands that hosts Dar-es-salaam, the commercial capital. The Zanzibar and Pemba islands are located north-east of this city in the Indian Ocean
Rivers that drain eastern and central Tanzania drain into the Indian Ocean. The 600 km long Rufiji River is the longest river in the country and it drains into the Indian Ocean. Northern Tanzanian rivers mostly empty into Lake Victoria while the western part of the country lies in the watershed of Lake Tanganyika. Lake Malawi receives waters from many southwestern Tanzanian Rivers. Several endorheic basins are located in north-central Tanzania.
Tanzania is divided into 31 regions as visible on the political map above. In alphabetical order, these regions are as follows: Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Geita, Iringa, Kagera, Kaskazini Pemba (Pemba North), Kaskazini Unguja (Zanzibar North), Katavi, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Kusini Pemba (Pemba South), Kusini Unguja (Zanzibar Central/South), Lindi, Manyara, Mara, Mbeya, Mjini Magharibi (Zanzibar Urban/West), Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Njombe, Pwani (Coast), Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Simiyu, Singida, Songwe, Tabora, Tanga
Each region of the country is further sub-divided into districts, and districts into divisions which are further sub-divided into local wards. It does not stop there. Wards are further divided into streets (in urban areas) and villages (in rural areas).
With an area of 76,150 sq. km, Tabora is the largest region in Tanzania by area. Dar-es-Salaam Region that hosts Dar-es-Salaam city, the former capital of Tanzania, is the country's largest region by population.
Dodoma, the current capital of the country is part of the Dodoma Region.
Tanzania is a country in East Africa's Great Lakes Region. As observed on the location map above, Tanzania is located just below the Equator in the Southern and Eastern Hemisphere. It is one of the 10 countries with the most international borders in the world. As represented in the map, it is bordered by 8 countries. Uganda bounds it to the north, Kenya to the northeast, Malawi and Mozambique to the south, and Zambia to the southwest. The three countries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda border Tanzania to the west. The country's eastern borders are formed by the Indian Ocean.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||United Republic of Tanzania|
|Capital City||Dar es Salaam (administrative capital), Dodoma (legislative capital); note - Dodoma was designated the national capital in 1996 and serves as the meeting place for the National Assembly; Dar es Salaam remains the de facto capital, the country's larges|
|6 48 S, 39 17 E|
|Independence||26 April 1964 (Tanganyika united with Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar); 29 October 1964 (renamed United Republic of Tanzania); notable earlier dates: 9 December 1961 (Tanganyika became independent from UK-administered UN trusteeship); 10 December 1963 (Zanzibar became independent from UK)|
|Total Area||947,300 km2|
|Land Area||885,800 km2|
|Water Area||61,500 km2|
|Total Border||4,161 km|
|Bordering Countries||Burundi 589 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 479 km, Kenya 775 km, Malawi 512 km, Mozambique 840 km, Rwanda 222 km, Uganda 391 km, Zambia 353 km|
|Climate||Varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands|
|Coordinates||6 00 S, 35 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,018 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||5,895 m|
|Kilimanjaro (highest point in Africa)|
|Ethnic Groups||mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African|
|Languages||Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages|
|Religions||Christian 61.4%, Muslim 35.2%, folk religion 1.8%, other 0.2%, unaffiliated 1.4% (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Tanzanian shillings (TZS)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,122.12|
|Exports||Gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020