The Central African Republic is located in the heart of Africa where it occupies an area of 622,984 sq. km.
As observed on the physical map of the country above, a large part of it is covered by a flat or rolling plateau with an average elevation of about 500 m above sea level.
The Fertit Hills lie to the northeast and the Karre Mountains to the west. As marked on the map by an upright triangle, the highest point in the country, the 1,410 m high Mount Ngaoui is located in this region.
The tributaries of the Congo River run across the southern border of the country. The Ubangi River is the major river here and is formed by the convergence of the Uele and Mbomou Rivers. The Sangha River, as marked on the map, is important in western CAR.
The Central African Republic is divided into 16 prefectures and an autonomous commune. The prefectures are subdivided into 71 sub-prefectures.
The 16 prefectures are Bamingui-Bangoran, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Mbomou, Nana-Grebizi, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha-Mbaere, and Vakaga.
The autonomous commune is Bangui which is the national capital of the country.
With an area of 86,650 sq. km, Haute-Kotto is the largest prefecture by area and Bangui is the most populous administrative division.
The Central African Republic or CAR is located in Central Africa in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Six countries border CAR. These are Chad, Sudan, and South Sudan to the north, northeast, and southeast respectively. The DRC, the Republic of the Congo, and Cameroon bound CAR to the south, southwest, and west respectively.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Central African Republic|
|4 22 N, 18 35 E|
|Independence||13 August 1960 (from France)|
|Total Area||622,984 km2|
|Land Area||622,984 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||5,920 km|
|Bordering Countries||Cameroon 901 km, Chad 1556 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1747 km, Republic of the Congo 487 km, South Sudan 1055 km, Sudan 174 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers|
|Coordinates||7 00 N, 21 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||635 m|
|Lowest Elevation||335 m|
|Highest Elevation||1,410 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%|
|Languages||French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages|
|Religions||indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15% (2018)|
|Currency||Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$467.91|
|Exports||Diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee|
This page was last updated on October 11, 2020