The Republic of the Congo is located in northern Africa's western coast with a coastline of 169 km along the Atlantic Ocean. The country occupies an area of 342,000 sq. km.
As observed on the physical map above, the country has varying terrain. It includes coastal plains, plateaus, fertile river valleys, and mountains with around 70% of the nation being covered by rainforest.
From the grasslands of the narrow coastal plain, the land rises into the rounded, low hills of the Bateka Plateau, and the elevated, mountainous regions along its western border with Gabon. Marked on the map, Mount Berongou, the Congo's highest point, is located in the upper reaches of the Crystal Mountains on the border with Gabon. It rises to about 903 meters. Further inland and to the northeast, the land flattens, covered by dense equatorial rainforest.
The Congo River, the second-longest river in Africa and the sixth-longest river in the world, lies to the south and totals the length of 4,700 km. The Stanley Pool is a lake formed by the widening of the Congo River. It lies between the borders of the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It covers an area that is about 35 kilometers (22 miles) long and 23 kilometers (14 miles) wide. The capital cities of both the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are located on the shores of Stanley Pool, and river ferries serve the area. The lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean coastline (0 m).
The Republic of the Congo has 12 departments as the top-level administrative division. In alphabetical order, they are: Bouenza, Brazzaville, Cuvette, Cuvette-Ouest, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pointe-Noire, Pool, Sangha.
These departments are further divided into districts and communes.
With an area of 66,044 sq. km, Likouala is the largest department and Brazzaville, the national capital, is the most populous one.
Congo or the Republic of the Congo is located in Central Africa in the Eastern Hemisphere of the Earth. With the Equator passing through the country, it has territories in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The four sovereign nations of Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo bound the country to the west, northwest, northeast, and southeast respectively. Cabinda, an exclave of Angola, lies to the south of Congo. The country also has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of the Congo|
|4 15 S, 15 17 E|
|Independence||15 August 1960 (from France)|
|Total Area||342,000 km2|
|Land Area||341,500 km2|
|Water Area||500 km2|
|Total Border||5,008 km|
|Bordering Countries||Angola 231 km, Cameroon 494 km, Central African Republic 487 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1229 km, Gabon 2567 km|
|Climate||Tropical; rainy season (march to june); dry season (june to october); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the equator|
|Coordinates||1 00 S, 15 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||430 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||903 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Kongo 40.5%, Teke 16.9%, Mbochi 13.1%, foreigner 8.2%, Sangha 5.6%, Mbere/Mbeti/Kele 4.4%, Punu 4.3%, Pygmy 1.6%, Oubanguiens 1.6%, Duma 1.5%, Makaa 1.3%, other and unspecified 1% (2014-15 est.)|
|Languages||French (official), French Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)|
|Currency||Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,011.07|
|Exports||Petroleum, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020