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Cameroon

Physical Map of Cameroon

Physical Map of Cameroon with state boundaries. The map shows the important physical features like relief, extreme points, major rivers, lakes, national parks, and cities.
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Cameroon is a Central African country covering an area of 475,442 sq. km. 

Cameroon is sometimes called "Africa in miniature" as it features a variety of geographical regions like mountains, desert, savanna, rainforest, and coastal plains. 

The physical map above illustrates the country of Cameroon, from the low and marshy coastal area in the south to shores of Lake Chad in the extreme north.

The densely forested coastal plain of the country stretching inland from the Gulf of Guinea is around 20 to 80 km wide. From there the elevation of the land rises to around 500 to 600 m in the central Mbang Mountains. The region is covered by dense tropical rainforest. To the north of Benoue National Park, the land slopes into a savanna plain that extends to the shores of Lake Chad. In the far southwest, on the edge of the Gulf of Guinea, Cameroon is mountainous. As marked on the map, this region has the active volcano of Mt Cameroon, which at  4,070m is the highest point in West Africa. 

Significant rivers include the Dja, Nyong, and Sanaga. Cameroon's lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).

Regions of Cameroon Map

Political Map of Cameroon showing 10 regions, their capitals, and the national capital of Yaoundé.
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Cameroon is divided into 10 semi-autonomous regions that are subdivided into 58 divisions. These divisions are then divided into arrondissements and finally districts. 

The 10 regions of Cameroon in alphabetical order are as follows: Adamaoua, Centre, East (Est), Far North (Extreme-Nord), Littoral, North (Nord), North-West (Nord-Ouest), West (Ouest), South (Sud), South-West (Sud-Ouest).

With an area of 109,002 sq. km, East Cameroon is the largest region and Central Cameroon is the most populous one. Yaoundé, located in the Centre Region, is the national capital city.

Where is Cameroon?

Where is Cameroon?
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Cameroon is a country located in Central Africa in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Seven countries border Cameroon. The country is bounded by Nigeria to the north and west. The Central African Republic and Chad borders it to the east and northeast. To the south, it is bordered by the three countries of Gabon, the Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea.

Cameroon Bordering Countries: The Central African Republic, Gabon, The Congo, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Chad.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Cameroon

Outline map of Cameroon

This outline map shows the entire country of Cameroon, a country located in Central Africa.

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Blank Outline Map of Cameroon

Blank outline map of Cameroon. Can be used for coloring. Free download and print out for educational, school, or classroom use.

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Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Cameroon
Capital City Yaounde
3 52 N, 11 31 E
Independence 1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

Geography

Total Area 475,440 km2
Land Area 472,710 km2
Water Area 2,730 km2
Total Border 5,018 km
Coastline 402 km
Bordering Countries Central African Republic 901 km, Chad 1116 km, Republic of the Congo 494 km, Equatorial Guinea 183 km, Gabon 349 km, Nigeria 1975 km
Climate Varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
Coordinates 6 00 N, 12 00 E
Mean Elevation 667 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Atlantic Ocean
Highest Elevation 4,045 m
Fako on Mont Cameroun

Demographics

Population 25,876,380
Ethnic Groups Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
Languages 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Religions Roman Catholic 38.4%, Protestant 26.3%, other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 20.9%, animist 5.6%, other 1%, non-believer 3.2% (2005 est.)

Economy

Currency Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF)
GDP $38.76 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,497.91
Exports Crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

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