The East-Central African country of South Sudan covers an area of around 619,745 sq. km. The Nile River system is the country's dominant physical feature. Most of the rivers of the country drain into the Nile River which leaves the country to enter Sudan and flow further north.
The terrain of South Sudan features massive plains and plateaus. One of the most interesting landforms here is the Al Sudd region which is a large swampy land located at the central region of a clay plain occupying the heart of South Sudan.
Two distinct highland areas exist in the country. Tall mountains with peaks exceeding 3,000 m called the Imatong Mountain range occur along South Sudan's border with Uganda. Marked on the physical map above, the 3,187 m tall Mount Kinyeti, the country's highest point, is located in this region.
Between the clay plain and the Nile-Congo watershed to the west and south of South Sudan is another elevated part of the country, the Ironstone Plateau. This region features relatively flat elevated land with abruptly rising isolated hills called inselbergs.
A relatively new country that got its freedom from Sudan in 2011, South Sudan's political divisions underwent a series of changes since independence.
Originally composed of 10 states following its birth in 2011, the country was divided into 28 states in 2015 and 32 states in 2017 based on ethnic lines. However, the end of the South Sudanese Civil War and the signing of a peace agreement, the country returned to original 10 states on February 2020.
The states have been represented on the political map of the country above. In alphabetical order, they are as follows: Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Western Equatoria.
In addition to these states, South Sudan also has two administrative areas of Ruweng and Pibor and a special administrative area of Abyei that is part of both Sudan and South Sudan as per the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005.
The capital of South Sudan, Juba, is also the regional capital of the Central Equatoria state.
A landlocked country, South Sudan is located in East-Central Africa in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Six countries border South Sudan. These are Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and Central African Republic to the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of South Sudan|
|04 51 N, 31 37 E|
|Independence||9 July 2011 (from Sudan)|
|Total Area||644,329 km2|
|Land Area||0 km2|
|Water Area||0 km2|
|Total Border||6,018 km|
|Bordering Countries||Central African Republic 1055 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 714 km, Ethiopia 1299 km, Kenya 317 km, Sudan 2158 km, Uganda 475 km|
|Climate||Hot with seasonal rainfall influenced by the annual shift of the inter-tropical convergence zone; rainfall heaviest in upland areas of the south and diminishes to the north|
|Coordinates||8 00 N, 30 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||381 m|
|Highest Elevation||3,187 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Dinka (Jieng) 35.8%, Nuer (Naath) 15.6%, Shilluk (Chollo), Azande, Bari, Kakwa, Kuku, Murle, Mandari, Didinga, Ndogo, Bviri, Lndi, Anuak, Bongo, Lango, Dungotona, Acholi, Baka, Fertit (2011 est.)|
|Languages||English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk|
|Religions||animist, Christian, Muslim|
|Currency||South Sudanese pounds (SSP)|
|GDP Per Capita||$1,119.65|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020