Covering an area of 250,493 sq. km, the State of Michigan is located in the Great Lakes and Midwest region of the United States.
Michigan is the only U.S. state to be divided into two large separate land areas (peninsulas) and to be bordered by four of the five Great Lakes. It also has the longest shoreline, about 3,300 miles in the continental U.S.
As observed on the map, the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (“the U.P.”) is hilly and rugged in the west, especially in the heavily-forested Porcupine Mountains. Situated, further east in the Huron Mountains, to the northwest of Marquette is, Mount Arvon - the state's highest point, at an elevation of 1,979ft (603m). Moving to the east, the Upper Peninsula's land becomes much flatter, with some inland swamps.
The two peninsulas are separated by an 8km long channel, known as the Straits of Mackinac – which in turn connects Lake Huron with Lake Michigan. The two peninsulas are connected by the Mackinac Bridge. Mackinac Island is positioned on the eastern edge of the Straits of Mackinac. Located in the far north-western corner of Lake Superior is the forested Isle Royale – the only (island) National Park in the United States.
There are numerous islands in Michigan, including Bois Blanc, Drummond, Grand, Isle Royale, Mackinac, Sugar, the Manitou Islands, and the Beaver Island archipelago. The significant rivers in the Upper Peninsula include the Ford, Escanaba, and Menominee rivers.
Michigan’s Lower Peninsula is shaped like a mitten and is rather flat, especially along the eastern and southeastern shorelines. Gentle, rolling hills are found in the central and southern portions, while further north, to the east and southeast of Traverse City, the landscape becomes quite hilly. Located in the north-western part of the city of Cadillac is, Lower Peninsula’s highest point, at 1,700ft (520m). Marked on the map by an inverted yellow triangle is Michigan’s lowest point, which is situated along the shoreline of Lake Erie, at about 572ft.
The surrounding Great Lakes are Michigan's most striking landforms. Besides, the state is also covered by over 11,000 freshwater lakes (mostly small).
Lake St. Clair forms a vital commercial waterway, as it connects to Lake Erie through the Detroit River, and to Lake Huron through the St. Clair River.
Rivers of note in the Lower Peninsula include the Au Sable, Grand, Kalamazoo, Manistee, and Muskegon rivers.
Michigan is divided into 83 counties. In alphabetical order, the counties are: Alcona, Alger, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Baraga, Barry, Bay, Benzie, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Clare, Clinton, Crawford, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Emmet, Genesee, Gladwin, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Gratiot, Hillsdale, Houghton, Huron, Ingham, Ionia, Iosco, Iron, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kalkaska, Kent, Keweenaw, Lake, Lapeer, Leelanau, Lenawee, Livingston, Luce, Mackinac, Macomb, Manistee, Marquette, Mason, Mecosta, Menominee, Midland, Missaukee, Monroe, Montcalm, Montmorency, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oakland, Oceana, Ogemaw, Ontonagon, Osceola, Oscoda, Otsego, Ottawa, Presque Isle, Roscommon, Saginaw, Saint Clair, Saint Joseph, Sanilac, Schoolcraft, Shiawassee, Tuscola, Van Buren, Washtenaw, Wayne, Wexford.
With an area of 250,493 sq. km, Michigan is the 11th largest and the 10th most populous state in the USA. Located in the south-central part of the state’s Lower Peninsula, at the meeting point of the Grand and Red Cedar Rivers is, Lansing – the capital city of Michigan. It serves as an industrial hub for the production of automobiles and associated parts as well as other industries like textiles, glass, and metal products. It also hosts the headquarters of several insurance companies and offices of various technology firms. Situated in the southeastern part of the state along the Detroit River is Detroit – the largest and the most populous city in Michigan. It also serves as the state’s major cultural center and its chief port.
The State of Michigan is located in the Great Lakes and Midwest region of the United States. Michigan is bordered by the states of Ohio and Indiana in the south; by Illinois, Wisconsin, and Lake Michigan in the west; by Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Lake Superior in the northwest and by the Canadian province of Ontario, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie in the north and east.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of Michigan|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-MI|
This page was last updated on February 25, 2021