World Facts

Which Are the 10 Largest Asian Countries By Area?

Russia, China, and India are the three largest countries of Asia in terms of land area.

Asia is the largest continent in the world, covering an area of approximately 17.212 million square miles. This area represents roughly 30% of the world's total land area. Additionally, Asia has a population size of 4.5 billion individuals, which is 60% of the total global human population. The continent consists of 54 sovereign countries, 48 of which are members of the United Nations. This article highlights the top 10 largest countries in Asia in terms of area.


Russia is the largest country by land area in both Asia and the world. It covers a total area of 6,612,100 square miles and has a population size of 144,463,451. The capital of Russia is Moscow. The country is so large that it stretches across 11 distinct time zones. Additionally, Russia encompasses a number of geographic features, including plains, semi-desert, mountains, coastlines, and tundra. This wide variety of habitats supports a significant number of plant and animal species. To help conserve this high level of biodiversity, Russia has protected 40 areas as UNESCO biosphere reserves.


The second largest country in Asia is China, which covers an area of 3.7 million square miles. The country has a population size of just over 1.403 billion, making it the most populated country in the world. The capital of China is Beijing. Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world, is located in the country and forms the border between China and Nepal. Additionally, China is home to several ecosystems, including the Gobi Desert, the Tibetan Plateau, subtropical forests, and shores along the Pacific Ocean. Politically, China is divided into provinces (22), autonomous regions (5), controlled municipalities (4), and special administrative regions (2).


India is the third largest country in the world and covers an area of over 1.269 million square miles. Additionally, it has a population of more than 1.324 billion individuals, making it the second most populated country in the world. The country makes up the vast majority of the Indian Peninsula and has coastlines along the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean. Inland, it is home to a variety of habitats, including the Thar Desert in the west, the Himalayan mountain range in the north, and the Indo-Gangetic watershed region in the north and east.


The fourth largest country in Asia is Kazakhstan, which covers 1,052,100 square miles. It is located in Central Asia and shares borders with the Caspian Sea, Russia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and China. The country has a population size of nearly 18 million, the majority of which are ethnic Kazakhs. Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked nation in the world and is home to the Kazakh Steppe. The arid steppe region covers 310,600 square miles, making it the largest in the world.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is the fifth largest country in Asia and is located in the Arabian Peninsula, where it covers 830,000 square miles. It has a total population size of approximately 33 million individuals. The country has coastlines on both the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, and the majority of its area is characterized by dry, desert lands. Saudi Arabia is home to the second largest oil reserve in the world and relies on the petroleum industry as a large part of its economy. In fact, the country is the largest producer and exporter of oil in the world.


Iran is the sixth largest country in Asia and the second largest country in the Middle East, and has a total area of 636,372 square miles. The population of Iran is estimated at approximately 80,829,192 individuals. The country has a long history, is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world, and has the third largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Asia (22). Additionally, Iran is covered in mountain ranges, basins, and the Iranian Plateau. It has coastlines along the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea.


Mongolia is located between China and Russia. It covers an area of 605,000 square miles, making it the seventh largest country in Asia. Additionally, the country is the second largest landlocked nation in the world. Most of the regions in Mongolia are covered in mountains and grassland steppes with the exception of the Gobi Desert, which is located in the southern area of the country. Additionally, the country's entire area sits upon the Mongolian Plateau. The population of Mongolia is estimated to be 3,081,677.


Indonesia is the eighth largest country in Asia, and consists of more than 17,000 islands between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Together, these islands cover an area of 735,358, which is divided between Asia and Oceania. The country has a total population size of 261,115,456, making it the fourth most populated country in the world. The three largest Indonesian islands are Sumatra, Celebes, and Java. A large percentage of the country's economy relies on agriculture, including crops like tea, coffee, rice, rubber, and palm oil.


Pakistan is located to the northwest of India, within South Asia. Additionally, it shares a border with the Gulf of Oman, the Arabian Sea, China, Afghanistan, and Iran. The country covers a total area of 340,509 square miles, making it the ninth largest country in Asia. Pakistan has a population size of approximately 211,819,886 individuals. Pakistan has a high level of biodiversity, which inhabits a number of ecosystems. A large area is covered in mountain ranges. In fact, Pakistan is home to five mountain peaks greater than 8,000 meters above sea level.


The tenth largest country in Asia is Turkey, which covers a total area of 302,455 square miles. It is considered a transcontinental country and a small portion of its total area lie within Europe. Turkey has a total population size of 79,814,871. Most of the country is bordered by water, including the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Aegean Sea. Additionally, Turkey encompasses several geographic features, ranging from mountains to river valleys. The country is rich in biodiversity and is home to more than 80,000 animal species.

Which Are the 10 Largest Asian Countries By Area?

RankCountryArea (km²)
1 Russia13,100,000 (17,125,200 including European part)
2 China9,596,961(excludes Hong Kong, Macau,Taiwan and disputed areas/islands)
3 India3,287,263
4 Kazakhstan2,455,034 (2,724,902 km² including European part)
5 Saudi Arabia2,149,690
6 Iran1,648,195
7 Mongolia1,564,110
8 Indonesia1,472,639 (1,904,569 km² including Oceanian part)
9 Pakistan796,095
10 Turkey747,272 (783,562 km² including European part)

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