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Nevada Geography

Nevada is the most mountainous U.S. State, with over 150 (named) individual mountain ranges; major ones include the Battle, Monitor, Ruby, Santa Rosa, Schell Creek, Sierra Nevada, Snake and Toiyabe.

Over 30 of Nevada's mountain peaks exceed 11,000 ft., with the highest point (Boundary Peak), reaching 13,140 ft.

The Great Basin - a series of depressions, flats, dry lakes, marshy salt pans and sinks, all scattered between ribbons of mountain ranges - stretches across much of the state. Low mountain desert areas (formerly prehistoric lakes) are situated northeast of Carson City.

The Mojave Desert spills across the California border into southern Nevada. Conditions here are dry, hot and windy, especially in summer. Cooper-colored mountains cover the desert floor, highlighted by Red Rock Canyon's bluffs, cliffs and petrified sandstone boulders.

Lake Mead, now a major recreation area, was formed by the building of Hoover Dam on the Colorado River. Lake Tahoe (shared with California) and the turquoise-colored Pyramid Lake (photo lower right) are the largest bodies of water.

The Colorado and Humboldt are the most significant rivers. Numerous smaller rivers flow from the mountains, but are often seasonal in nature, and quickly fade in the hot summer sun.

For a detailed look at the topography of Nevada, view this topographic map.

See Also

Nevada Photographs

Red Rock Canyon, Spring Mountains, Mojave Desert, Near Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Red Rock Canyon...
by Fraser Hall
Buy This at Allposters.com

Nevada Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Carson City Carson City 775
Fallon Churchill 775
North Las Vegas Clark 702
Henderson Clark 702
Las Vegas Clark 702
Gardnerville Douglas 775
Elko Elko 775
Dyer Esmeralda 775
Eureka Eureka 775
Winnemucca Humboldt 775
Battle Mountain Lander 775
Caliente Lincoln 775
Fernley Lyon 775
Hawthorne Mineral 775
Pahrump Nye 775
Lovelock Pershing 775
Virginia City Storey 775
Sparks Washoe 775
Reno Washoe 775
Ely White Pine 775

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.