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Missouri Description

Missouri History

Long before European explorers arrived here, this land was the ancestral home of Native American Indian tribe; they raised their children and crops; hunted the bountiful land, and for the most part, lived in peace.

marquette In 1673, the intrepid French explorers, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet, made their way down the Mississippi River to a point near present-day St. Louis. Ten years later, after traveling down that same river, René-Robert Cavelier claimed all the land drained by the Mississippi for France; he named it the "Louisiana Territory" in honor of his King, Louis XIV.

Shortly thereafter protective forts, small fur-trading posts and settlements sprang up along the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers; immigrants by the thousands arrived in this "Land of Opportunity" via river barges, and soon black slaves from the deep-south were brought in to work in the mining industry. In 1750, Missouri's first permanent settlement, Ste. Genevieve, was built.

For 50 years control of this land alternated between the Spanish and French, and then, in 1800, when the armies of French ruler Napoleon Bonaparte moved across Europe, pressuring the Spanish Crown into submission, the entire "Louisiana Territory" was returned to France.

Missouri joins the U.S.

louisiana purchase In 1803 Napoleon surprisingly sold the entire area to the United States in a transaction named the Louisiana Purchase. The United States doubled in size almost overnight and many new territories were established.

In the new Missouri Territory, settlers from the east arrived in great numbers; they built homesteads and farmed the lands much to the dismay of the already pressured Indians. In a justifiable response the Indians attacked the white men and their uprisings continued until a peace treaty was finally signed in 1815.

In 1818, Missouri requested admittance into the Union as a slave state, but across America (and in Missouri) there were many opposed to slavery, so the Congress reached an agreement called the "Missouri Compromise" that let Missouri enter the Union as a "slave state" as long as Maine entered the Union as a "slave free state." On August 10, 1821, Missouri became the 24th State, and in 1826, Jefferson City the capital.

civil war Slavery was certainly the crisis at the heart of America's Civil War, and in Missouri opposing slavery factions firmly staked their ground; troops were sent to support both the Confederate and Union causes, and eventually neighbors fought neighbors as the tragic war raged on. In the end Missouri witnessed more battles than any other state, next to Tennessee and Virginia.

Missouri Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Kirksville Adair 660
Savannah Andrew 816
Rock Port Atchison 660
Mexico Audrain 573
Monett Barry 417
Lamar Barton 417
Butler Bates 660
Warsaw Benton 660
Marble Hill Bollinger 573
Columbia Boone 573
Saint Joseph Buchanan 816
Poplar Bluff Butler 573
Hamilton Caldwell 816
Fulton Callaway 573
Camdenton Camden 573
Cape Girardeau Cape Girardeau 573
Carrollton Carroll 660
Ellsinore Carter 573
Belton Cass 816
El Dorado Springs Cedar 417
Salisbury Chariton 660
Nixa Christian 417
Kahoka Clark 660
Kansas City Clay 816
Cameron Clinton 816
Jefferson City Cole 573
Boonville Cooper 660
Cuba Crawford 573
Greenfield Dade 417
Buffalo Dallas 417
Gallatin Daviess 660
Maysville DeKalb 816
Salem Dent 573
Ava Douglas 417
Kennett Dunklin 573
Washington Franklin 636
Owensville Gasconade 573
Albany Gentry 660
Springfield Greene 417
Trenton Grundy 660
Bethany Harrison 660
Clinton Henry 660
Wheatland Hickory 417
Mound City Holt 660
Fayette Howard 660
West Plains Howell 417
Ironton Iron 573
Kansas City Jackson 816
Independence Jackson 816
Joplin Jasper 417
Arnold Jefferson 636
Warrensburg Johnson 660
Edina Knox 660
Lebanon Laclede 417
Odessa Lafayette 816
Aurora Lawrence 417
Canton Lewis 573
Troy Lincoln 636
Brookfield Linn 660
Chillicothe Livingston 660
Macon Macon 660
Fredericktown Madison 573
Belle Maries 573
Hannibal Marion 573
Anderson McDonald 417
Princeton Mercer 660
Eldon Miller 573
Charleston Mississippi 573
California Moniteau 573
Monroe City Monroe 573
Montgomery City Montgomery 573
Versailles Morgan 573
Portageville New Madrid 573
Neosho Newton 417
Maryville Nodaway 660
Thayer Oregon 417
Linn Osage 573
Gainesville Ozark 417
Caruthersville Pemiscot 573
Perryville Perry 573
Sedalia Pettis 660
Rolla Phelps 573
Bowling Green Pike 573
Kansas City Platte 816
Bolivar Polk 417
Fort Leonard Wood Pulaski 573
Unionville Putnam 660
New London Ralls 573
Moberly Randolph 660
Richmond Ray 816
Ellington Reynolds 573
Doniphan Ripley 573
Saint Charles Saint Charles 636
Osceola Saint Clair 417
Farmington Saint Francois 573
Florissant Saint Louis 314
Saint Louis Saint Louis 314
Saint Louis Saint Louis City 314
Sainte Genevieve Sainte Genevieve 573
Marshall Saline 660
Lancaster Schuyler 660
Memphis Scotland 660
Sikeston Scott 573
Birch Tree Shannon 573
Shelbina Shelby 573
Dexter Stoddard 573
Reeds Spring Stone 417
Milan Sullivan 660
Branson Taney 417
Licking Texas 573
Nevada Vernon 417
Warrenton Warren 636
Potosi Washington 573
Piedmont Wayne 573
Marshfield Webster 417
Grant City Worth 660
Mountain Grove Wright 417

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on November 15, 2017.