Maine History Timeline1400s - 1500s
- (1497) Explorer John Cabot claimed land near Cape Breton for King Henry VII
- (1524) Explorer, Giovanni de Verranzano, first European to explore coast of Maine
- (1597) Portuguese navigator, Simon Ferdinando, sought treasure on coast of Maine
- (1604) First European colony in Maine established at mouth of St. Croix River by French
- (1604 - 1605) Maine coastline and Penobscot River explored and mapped by French cartographer, Samuel del Champlain
- (1622) Sir Ferdinando Gorges, John Mason granted rights to lands of present day Maine, New Hampshire; Gorges named territory "Maine"
- (1623) First sawmill in America established near York
- (1652) Maine annexed as frontier territory by Massachusetts
- (1675) King Philip's War began between English, French and Indians
- (1675 - 1763) Continuous conflict between North American forces
- (1761) First pile bridge built at York
- (1765) Mob seized quantity of tax stamps at Falmouth; attacked customs agents
- (1774) Group of men burned tea shipment at York
- (1775) First naval battle of Revolutionary War fought off coast of Machias; British warships shelled, bombed Falmouth; Benedict Arnold, band of revolutionaries marched through Maine, failed in attempt to capture British strongholds in Canada
- (1785) Falmouth Gazette established - Maine's first newspaper
- (1812) Bangor, other parts of Maine seized by British
- (1820) Maine became 23rd state; first state to give suffrage, school privileges to all
- (1832) State capital established in Augusta
- (1839) Governor Fairfield declared war on England due to boundary dispute between New Brunswick, northern Maine
- (1842) Webster-Ashburton Treaty settled Maine/New Brunswick border dispute
- (1851) Maine first state to outlaw sale of alcoholic beverages
- (1852) Harriet Beecher Stowe of Brunswick, wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
- (1860) Maine native, Hannibal Hamlin, named Abraham Lincoln's vice president
- (1863) Joshua Chamberlain, Maine native, defended Little Round Top against confederates at Battle of Gettysburg during Civil War
- (1866) Fire destroyed most of downtown Portland
- (1876) July 4 freak snowstorm struck Portland
- (1888) Maine native, Melville W. Fuller, became U. S. Supreme Court Chief Justice
- (1898) U. S. Battleship "Maine" sunk in Havana Harbor
- (1905) America's first forest fire lookout station established at Squaw Mountain
- (1917) Maine Legislature appropriated $ 1 million for World War I purposes
- (1920) Women received right to vote
- (1931) Governor Percival Baxter purchased land in northern Maine; land donated for establishment of Baxter State Park
- (1934) State prohibition laws repealed
- (1936) Flooding caused $25 million in losses
- (1947) Forest fire destroyed over 1,000 homes, leveled seven communities, destroyed 17,000 acres of Acadia National Park
- (1948) Maine native, Margaret Chase Smith, elected to U. S. Senate, first woman to be voted into this office, first woman to serve both houses of Congress
- (1955) Musical "Carousel" filmed at Boothbay Harbor
- (1956) First U. S. atomic submarine, USS Swordfish, launched at Kittery-Portsmouth Naval Shipyard
- (1957) Election Day moved from September to November
- (1958) Edmund Muskie, first Maine Democrat, elected to Congress
- (1961) Polaris submarine, USS Abraham Lincoln, launched at Kittery-Portsmouth Naval Shipyard; Telstar communications satellite constructed at Andover
- (1974) James Longley elected Governor, first independent governor in U. S.
- (1979) Edmund Muskie appointed as President Carter's Secretary of State
- (1980) President Carter signed Indian Land Claim agreement, U. S. paid $80 million to Passamaquoddy, Penobscot Indians
- (1984) Joan Benoit Samuelson of Maine, first gold medal winner in inaugural women's Olympic marathon
- (1988) Maine native, Senator George Mitchell, named U. S. Senate Majority Leader
- (1997) Senator William Cohen appointed President Clinton's Secretary of Defense
- (2000) State Legislature outlawed all racist or derogatory town names that included "squaw" or "Negro"
- (2007) French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, visited President Bush at family home in Maine
- (2009) New record low temperature for state was set at -50°F in January
- (2010) Prospect Harbor's sardine cannery shut down - the last sardine cannery in the U.S.
- (2012) Senator Olympia Snowe made surprise announcement that she would retire and not seek reelection
Maine Cities, Counties & Area Codes
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