New Hampshire is the 9th smallest state in the United States by area, yet it offers a compelling mix of geography. It has a total area of 9,349 square miles and an average elevation of 1,000 feet. The state is divided into two distinct regions: the White Mountains in the north and an upland region that runs along its southern border with Massachusetts. New Hampshire also borders Vermont to the west, Maine to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.
The White Mountains are well known for their rugged terrain and steep hillsides covered with coniferous trees, including red spruce and balsam fir. This region is one of New England's most heavily forested areas and is home to some of New Hampshire's highest peaks, such as Mount Washington (6288 ft) and Mount Monroe (5372 ft). The White Mountain National Forest covers nearly 800,000 acres within this region, providing ample opportunities for outdoor recreation like hiking, biking, snowshoeing, skiing & snowboarding.
In contrast to this mountainous terrain, the upland region to the south has a gentler landscape dotted with lakes, ponds, small streams, and wetlands. This area was once primarily agricultural but has become an increasingly popular destination for outdoor activities such as fishing, bird watching, and camping.
The Merrimack River is one of New Hampshire's most famous bodies of water, running along its eastern border on its way to the Atlantic Ocean. It provides ample waterways for recreational boating and a source of hydroelectric power, as seen at several dams along its course. Other major rivers flowing through the state include; the Connecticut River, which forms part of New Hampshire's northern boundary line with Vermont; Salmon Falls River, which cuts through western portions; Pemigewasset River, which drains Squam Lake into Winnipesaukee Lake; Saco River, which flows between Maine and New Hampshire; Androscoggin River which forms part of New Hampshire's northeastern border with Maine.
The climate in New Hampshire varies significantly from north to south due to its topography. However, temperatures remain relatively mild year-round, ranging from about 35°F during winter months to around 75°F during summer. Precipitation levels are moderate throughout most parts, although higher elevations can see more extreme winter weather patterns leading to significant snow accumulation by late December or early January each year.
New Hampshire is divided into 10 counties. In alphabetical order, the counties are: Belknap, Carroll, Cheshire, Coos, Grafton, Hillsborough, Merrimack, Rockingham, Strafford, Sullivan.
With an area of 24,214 sq. km, New Hampshire is the 5th smallest and the 10th least populous state in the USA. Located in the south-central part of the state along the Merrimack River is Concord – the capital and the 3rd largest city of New Hampshire. It serves as a major distribution, industrial, and transportation hub. It also functions as the center for education, healthcare, and many insurance companies. Located along the banks of the Merrimack River is Manchester – the largest and the most populated city in New Hampshire. It is also northern New England’s biggest city and is considered to be one of the most affordable and liveable cities in the United States.
The State of New Hampshire is located in the north-eastern (New England) region of the United States. New Hampshire is bordered by the states of Vermont in the west, by Massachusetts in the south; by Maine and the Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is also bordered by the Canadian province of Quebec in the north.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|Legal Name||State of New Hampshire|
|ISO 3166 Code||US-NH|
This page was last updated on February 13, 2023