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Maine Geography

Maine is divided into three distinct areas; the Atlantic Ocean Coastal Lowlands, the Central Uplands, and mountain ranges of the Appalachian Mountains in the northwestern reaches of the state.

The scattered Longfellow Mountains, the state's major range, are considered an extension of New Hampshire's White Mountains. They were named by the Maine Legislature (in 1959) for Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet and native son.

Mt. Katahdin, located within the boundaries of Baxter State Park, is the state's highest point at 5,267 ft.

North central, deep water lakes, remnants of the last Ice Age, cover the land. They mix with the seemingly endless pine forests, as Maine is 90% forested, and remains one of the world's leading producers of paper.

The jagged, and rockbound Atlantic Ocean coastline is a mixture of bay, inlets, sandy beaches and thousands of odd-shaped islands.

Significant rivers include the Androscoggin, Kennebec, Penobscot, St. Croix and St. John.

For a look at the topography of Maine, view this map.

Maine Photographs

st. john river maine

Morning on the Saint John River

Maine Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Lewiston Androscoggin 207
Houlton Aroostook 207
Portland Cumberland 207
Farmington Franklin 207
Ellsworth Hancock 207
Waterville Kennebec 207
Rockland Knox 207
Waldoboro Lincoln 207
Oxford Oxford 207
Bangor Penobscot 207
Dover Foxcroft Piscataquis 207
Bath Sagadahoc 207
Skowhegan Somerset 207
Belfast Waldo 207
Machias Washington 207
Biddeford York 207

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.