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Arizona History Timeline

700s - 1700s
  • (700 A.D. - 1200 A.D.) Pueblo people lived on the land and the Hopi village was founded
  • (1539) Father Marcos de Niza, looking for cities of gold, explored Arizona and claimed it for Spain
  • (1540) Francisco Coronado explored the area
  • (1692) Jesuit priests arrived in the Arizona area
  • (1700) San Xavier del Bac mission (White Dove of the Desert) was founded
  • (1752) Tubac became first permanent settlement
  • (1821) All of Arizona governed by Mexico
  • (1846) The Mexican-American War began
  • (1848) The Mexican-American War ended; most of the land became part of the United States of America
  • (1854) Copper discovered in Arizona
  • (1858) Gold found in the Gila River
  • (1862) Confederate troops occupied Tucson; Cochise and Apaches attacked soldiers at Apache Pass
  • (1863) Arizona Territory created by Congress, with Prescott as the capital
  • (1869) John Wesley Powell explored the Grand Canyon by boat along the Colorado River
  • (1881) The first railroad crossed the state
  • (1881) The infamous "Gunfight at the OK Corral"
  • (1886) The Apache Chief Geronimo finally surrendered, and Indian fighting ended
  • (1889) Phoenix became the capital city
  • (1911) The Roosevelt Dam project completed
  • (1912) Arizona became the 48th State on February 14th, Valentine's Day
  • (1919) Grand Canyon National Park established
  • (1930) The planet Pluto discovered by astronomers at the Lowell Observatory
  • (1936) Hoover Dam completed and dedicated
  • (1948) Arizona native American Indians won the right to vote
  • (1964) Barry Goldwater, Arizona Senator, ran for U.S. President
  • (1968) London Bridge moved from England, to Lake Havasu City, Arizona
  • (1981) Sandra Day O'Connor became the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
  • (1991) The Central Arizona (water) Project completed
  • (2001) Arizona Diamondbacks won the World Series, beating the New York Yankees in 7 games
  • (2002) Wildfires sept through a half-dozen towns; 25,000 forced to evacuate
  • (2007) Arizona Senator John McCain announced candidacy for U.S. President
  • (2007) Four people killed when two television helicopters collided in mid-air
  • (2008) John McCain won Republican nomination for U.S. President
  • (2009) Two people died, 19 others hospitalized after being overcome in sauna-like room at spiritual retreat
  • (2010) Arizona enacted strict immigration bill
  • (2011) U.S. Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords was shot in head, six killed by gunman in Tucson

Arizona Photographs

andrew jacksonCondeleezza RiceHernando de SotoWilliam Rufus King

Arizona Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Chinle Apache 928
Sierra Vista Cochise 520
Flagstaff Coconino 928
Payson Gila 928
Safford Graham 928
Clifton Greenlee 928
Parker La Paz 928
Tempe Maricopa 480
Gilbert Maricopa 480
Chandler Maricopa 480
Scottsdale Maricopa 480
Glendale Maricopa 623
Surprise Maricopa 623
Mesa Maricopa 480
Phoenix Maricopa 602
Peoria Maricopa 623
Lake Havasu City Mohave 928
Show Low Navajo 928
Tucson Pima 520
San Tan Valley Pinal 480
Nogales Santa Cruz 520
Prescott Yavapai 928
Yuma Yuma 928

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.