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Switzerland Geography

Switzerland's Information

Flag of Switzerland
Land Area 39,997 km2
Water Area 1,280 km2
Total Area 41,277km2 (#132)
Population 8,179,294 (#97)
Population Density 204.50/km2
Government Type Federal Republic (formally A Confederation)
GDP (PPP) $496.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $59,400
Currency Franc (CHF)
Largest Cities

Mountains cover 60% of Switzerland's land area, with ranges of the Alps in the south and the Jura Mountains to the north.

Switzerland's highest point is Dufourspitze (Monte Rosa), in the Pennine Alps, which rises to 15,206 ft (4,634 m).

Also located within the Pennine Alps is the infamous Matterhorn whose summit is 4,690 ft. (4,478 m) high.

Between the mountains there's a hilly, central plateau that extends on through the east-west axis of the country.

Moving north, the Rhine River makes up much of Switzerland's border with Germany, as well as part of Lake Constance.

Switzerland's two largest lakes are Lake Geneva (shared with France) and Lake Neuchatel - which is the largest lake entirely within the country's borders.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Switzerland Trivia

What Is The Capital Of Switzerland?

Switzerland does not have an official capital city. When Switzerland became a country in 1848, it was decided that the country would have no official capital city in an effort to award every territory in the country equal importance. However, Bern was selected to host the nation's federal government, becoming the de facto capital.

What is the Capital of Switzerland?

Are There Any Female Heads of Government?

There are many powerful women in politics around the world. Some examples are Queen Elizabeth and Prime Minister Theresa May of the United Kingdom, Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel, and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf the President of Liberia and the first female head of state in Africa.

10 Female Heads of State

What is the Busiest Airport in Switzerland?

The Zurich Airport, located in Zurich, a popular tourist destination in Switzerland, is the busiest airport in Switzerland.

The Busiest Airports In Switzerland

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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