1. Home
  2. Countries
  3. Spain

Spain Geography

Map of Spain Map of France, France Information Andorra Map and Information Algeria Map Morocco Map Map of Africa Gibralter Map Map of the Worlds Oceans Mediterranean Sea Information Map of Gibralter Canary Islands Custom made maps Large color map of Spain Balearic Islands Spain map Pyrenees Mountains Portugal Map and Information Bay of Biscay
Locator Map of Spain Oceans of the World Oceans of the World Map of the Denmark Strait Greenland Map Strait of Gibraltar European Map Asian Map Kazakhstan Turkey Map and Information European Russia Map of the Equator Map of the Equator Polar Caps Map Italy Mediterranean Sea Information Custom Maps Africa Map Middle Eastern Map Middle Eastern Map Middle Eastern Map Middle Eastern Map Map of the Middle East Map of the Middle East Map of the Middle East Map of the Middle East African Map African Map African Map African Map Norwegian Sea Map North Sea Map Baltic Sea Information Barents Sea Information Kara Sea Information English Channel Map and Information Bay of Biscay Black Sea Caspian Sea Greenland Sea Map Red Sea Map

Flag of Spain

Spain's Quick Facts

Land Area 498,980 km2
Water Area 6,390 km2
Total Area 505,370 km2
Population 48,563,476
Population Density 96.09 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $1.69 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $36,500
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
  • Madrid (3,255,944)
  • Barcelona (1,621,537)
  • Valencia (814,208)
  • Sevilla (703,206)
  • Zaragoza (674,317)
  • Malaga (568,305)
  • Murcia (436,870)
  • Palma (401,270)
  • Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (381,847)
  • Bilbao (354,860)

Occupying most of the

Iberian Peninsula's approximately 85%

), Spain is the third largest country in Europe and 45% is covered by the

Meseta Plateau.

That plateau is rarely flat, and is in reality a mostly hilly highland area divided by the Cordillera Central (mountains), and then ringed by additional mountain ranges, north, east and south. In the west the Meseta slopes gently down into neighboring Portugal.

Significant mountains in Spain include the limestone Cordillera Cantabrica and rugged Sistema Iberico (north); massive Pyrenees (northeast) where many peaks exceed 3,000 meters; the deeply eroded and rocky Sierra de Cuenca(east), and the lower Montes de Toledo and Serrania de Cuenca (south-central).

In the far south the mountains of the Cordillera Betica and Sierra Nevada dominate the landscape. Mainland Spain's highest point (Mulhacen at 3,481 meters) stands in the Sierra Nevada.

Significant lowlands include the fertile Andalusian Plain in the southwest, and the Ebro River Basin in the northeast. In addition, much of Spain is fronted by a low and narrow coastal plain, one that separates the mountains from the sea.

Those deeply indented coastal areas include countless bays and coves, and most have sandy beaches. In the far northwest, along the Bay of Biscay, rugged cliffs front the coastline.

In the far south, the Strait of Gibraltar separates Spain and Europe from Morocco (Africa), and here, the two continents are only 13 km (8 miles) apart.

The country is drained by an estimated 1,500 rivers (mostly small). The longest and most significant riversinclude the Douro (Duero), Ebro, Jucar, Tagus (Tejo), Guadiana and Guadalquivir.

Latest by WorldAtlas