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Turkey Geography

Turkey's Information

Flag of Turkey
Land Area 769,632 km2
Water Area 13,930 km2
Total Area 783,562km2 (#36)
Population 80,274,604 (#19)
Population Density 104.30/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $1,700.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $21,100
Currency Lira (TRY)
Largest Cities

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About Turkey

The European side of Turkey is mostly a series of rolling hills, while across the Bosporus Strait into central Turkey, the land rises into an elevated central plateau (Anatolian), surrounded by (and mixed with) high, rugged mountains, including the Taurus, Koroglu and Pontic ranges.

Many peaks in Turkey exceed 10,000 feet, and the tallest, most rugged ones, are found in the Eastern Taurus Mountains.

Turkey's highest point is Mt. Ararat which peaks at 16,948 ft. (5,166m),

Along the Black Sea and Mediterranean coastlines the land is lower and quite fertile. The Tigras, Kizilirmak, Sakarya and Euphrates are the most significant rivers, and Lake Van is the largest lake.

Note: As a geological point-of-interest, the country is positioned on one of the planet's major fault lines, and earthquakes are rather common.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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Turkey Trivia

What are the Largest Ethnic Groups in Turkey?

Turks make up the largest ethnic group in Turkey, with a total share of 72.5% of the population. Kurds make up the second largest group, at 12.7%.

The Ethnic Groups Of Turkey

What type of economy does Turkey have?

Turkey is an important emerging economy with a positive growth rate. Turkey is the fastest growing economy in Europe.

The Economy Of Turkey

What are some of the most affordable places to study abroad in Europe?

Turkey, Poland, Estonia, Hungary, Portugal, and Austria are some of Europe's most affordable study destinations.

Most Affordable Places To Study Abroad

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This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.