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Maps of Syrian Arab Republic

Phyiscal Map of the Syrian Arab Republic with state boundaries, relief, major mountain ranges, rivers, lakes, important cities, and more. iraq turkey turkey Syria large color map Israel

Syria occupies an area of around 185,180 sq. km in the Arabian Peninsula.

In general terms, Syria is a flat desert plateau, dissected by mountains with a narrow coastal plain to the west that fronts the Mediterranean Sea.

The coastline of Syria is around 180 km long and features sandy bays, low cliffs, and rocky headlands. 

As observed on the map above, the landscape of the west-central and northern regions of Syria are dominated by the Anti-Lebanon and Bishri mountains. The former marks the country's boundary with Lebanon. The highest point, Mt Hermon, stands in the far southwest at 2,814 m. It has been marked with a yellow upright triangle. Several smaller mountains are scattered about Syria. 

The rest of the country is covered by the undulating plains of the Syrian Desert where the elevation varies from 300 to 500m. 

Significant bodies of water include Lake al-Assad (a man-made reservoir,) created by a dam on the Euphrates River.The Euphrates and its longest tributary, the Khabur, (both rising in the mountains of Turkey) are the major rivers. Dozens of much smaller rivers flow down into the central valleys.

Governorates of Syria Map

Political Map of Syria showing the 14 governorates, their capitals, and the national capital of Damascus.

Syria (officially, Syrian Arab Republic) is a unitary republic divided into 14 governorates (sing. muhafazah). In alphabetical order these governorates are: Aleppo, Al-Hasakah, Al-Suwayda, Daraa, Damascus, Deirez-zor, Hama, Homs, Idlib, Latakia, Quneitra, Raqqa, Rifdimashq and Tartus. These governorates are subdivided into 61 districts (sing. mintaqah) which in turn have a number of sub-districts. 

With an area of 42,223 sq.km, the Homs Governorate is the largest in the country while Aleppo is the most populous one.

Damascus, one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities, is the capital and the largest city of Syria. It is located in South-western Syria at the foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. 

Where is Syrian Arab Republic?

Map showing location of Syrian Arab Republic in the world. arctic ocean pacific ocean indian ocean australia oceania tropic of capricorn tropic of cancer arctic circle equator africa europe black sea caspian aral sea red sea gulf of aden bay of bengal arabian sea middle east mediterranean sea asia

Syria is a Western Asian country located in Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by five Asian Nations: Turkey in the north, Lebanon in the west, Iraq in the east, Jordan in the south and Israel in the southwest. Located to the west is the Mediterranean Sea, which stretches along the entire Syrian coastline. 

Syrian Arab Republic Bordering Countries: Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Syrian Arab Republic

Blank Outline Map of Syria

The blank outline map represents the Middle East nation of Syria. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or map-pointing work.

Outline Map of Syria

The outline map represents Syria, a country in the Middle East that has a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea.

Key Facts

Legal Name Syrian Arab Republic
Capital City Damascus
33 30 N, 36 18 E
Independence 17 April 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)


Total Area 187,437.00 km2
Land Area 185,887.00 km2
Water Area 1,550.00 km2
Total Border 2,343.0 km
Coastline 193.0 km
Bordering Countries Iraq 599 km, Israel 79 km, Jordan 362 km, Lebanon 394 km, Turkey 909 km
Climate Mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (june to august) and mild, rainy winters (december to february) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in damascus
Coordinates 35 00 N, 38 00 E
Mean Elevation 514 m
Lowest Elevation -208 m
unnamed location near Lake Tiberias
Highest Elevation 2,814 m
Mount Hermon (Jabal a-Shayk)


Population 17,070,135
Major Cities
  1. Dimashq (Damascus) (2,392,045)
  2. Halab (Aleppo) (1,916,781)
  3. Hims (Homs) (1,335,804)
  4. Hamah (921,502)
  5. Lattakia (655,714)
  6. Al-Raqqa (521,537)
  7. Tartus (424,153)
  8. Al-Hasakah (390,947)
  9. Deir El-Zor(Deir ez-Zor) (323,432)
Ethnic Groups Arab ~50%, Alawite ~15%, Kurd ~10%, Levantine ~10%, other ~15% (includes Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian)
Languages Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English
Religions Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)


Currency Syrian pounds (SYP)
Exports Crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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