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Afghanistan Facts

Afghanistan's Information

Flag of Afghanistan
Land Area 652,230 km2
Total Area 652,230km2 (#40)
Population 33,332,025 (#40)
Population Density 51.10/km2
Government Type Presidential Islamic Republic
GDP (PPP) $64.08 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,000
Currency Afghani (AFN)
More Information Afghanistan
Largest Cities
  • Name: Afghanistan
    (long form) Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Capital City: Kabul (3,895,000 pop.)
  • Afghanistan Population: 30,419,928 (2012 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Afghani (AFA)
    (conversion rates)

    Afghani
    1000 Afghanis
  • Ethnicity: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
  • GDP total: $19.85 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $1,000 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Kabul, Kandahar, Mazar-I-Sharif, Charikar, Herat, Jalalabad
  • Name: Meaning, "Land of the Afghans," Afghanistan's name originated in ancient times, and refers to the Pashtun people
  • National Day: August 19
  • Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%
  • Symbols
This page was last updated on September 29, 2015.

Afghanistan Trivia

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

In the multilingual country of Afghanistan, Dari and Pashto are the official and most widely spoken languages. Uzbek, Balochi, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pashayi, etc., are some of the country’s regional languages.

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

What are the Major Ethnic Groups of Afghanistan?

Pashtun peoples are the largest ethnic group in the south of the country, while Tajiks and Uzbeks are concentrated along the norther borders, and the Hazara in the central highlands. Around 42% of the country's population is Pashtun.

The Ethnic Groups Of Afghanistan

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

Afghanistan is a landlocked country that is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China, and Iran.

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

What Kind of Government Does Afghanistan Have?

The President, the council of ministers, provincial governors, and the national assembly, constitute the Government of Afghanistan. The elected president and his two vice presidents as dictated by the new constitution adopted in 2004 have a 5-year term. The National Assembly of Afghanistan makes up the national legislature.

What Type Of Government Does Afghanistan Have?

What is the Biggest City in Afghanistan?

The biggest city in Afghanistan is Kabul, which has a population of over 3 million people.

Biggest Cities In Afghanistan

Which Continent is Afghanistan In?

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located within the continent of Asia.

What Continent Is Afghanistan In?

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