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Afghanistan Facts

Afghanistan's Information

Flag of Afghanistan
Land Area 652,230 km2
Total Area 652,230km2 (#40)
Population 33,332,025 (#40)
Population Density 51.10/km2
Government Type Presidential Islamic Republic
GDP (PPP) $64.08 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,000
Currency Afghani (AFN)
More Information Afghanistan
Largest Cities
  • Name: Afghanistan
    (long form) Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Capital City: Kabul (3,895,000 pop.)
  • Afghanistan Population: 30,419,928 (2012 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Afghani (AFA)
    (conversion rates)

    Afghani
    1000 Afghanis
  • Ethnicity: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
  • GDP total: $19.85 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $1,000 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Kabul, Kandahar, Mazar-I-Sharif, Charikar, Herat, Jalalabad
  • Name: Meaning, "Land of the Afghans," Afghanistan's name originated in ancient times, and refers to the Pashtun people
  • National Day: August 19
  • Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%
  • Symbols
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Afghanistan Trivia

Which Countries Have a Theocratic Government?

Some of the countries with a theocratic government include Yemen, Vatican City, Sudan, and Mauritania.

7 Countries With A Theocratic Government Today

What are the Major Ethnic Groups of Afghanistan?

Pashtun peoples are the largest ethnic group in the south of the country, while Tajiks and Uzbeks are concentrated along the norther borders, and the Hazara in the central highlands. Around 42% of the country's population is Pashtun.

The Ethnic Groups Of Afghanistan

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

Afghanistan is a landlocked country that is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China, and Iran.

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

In the multilingual country of Afghanistan, Dari and Pashto are the official and most widely spoken languages. Uzbek, Balochi, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pashayi, etc., are some of the country’s regional languages.

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

Which Continent is Afghanistan In?

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located within the continent of Asia.

What Continent Is Afghanistan In?

What is the Tallest Building in Afghanistan?

Noshaq is the highest peak in the Hindu Kush Range and the highest peak in Afghanistan with an elevation of 24,580 feet (7,492 meters).

The Tallest Mountains In Afghanistan

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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