Latitude: (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.
Longitude: (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians.
Africa Latitude and Longitude examples: (see map)
|Accra, Ghana:||5°||33'||N||/ 02°||11'||W|
|Algiers, Algeria:||36°||45'||N||/ 3°||2'||E|
|Cairo, Egypt:||30°||2'||N||/ 31°||14'||E|
|Cape Town, South Africa:||33°||55'||S||/ 18°||25'||E|
|Dakar, Senegal:||14°||45'||N||/ 17°||19'||W|
|Djibouti, Djibouti:||11°||49'||N||/ 42°||35'||E|
|Lusaka, Zambia:||15°||24'||S||/ 28°||17'||E|
|Nairobi, Kenya:||1°||17'||S||/ 36°||49'||E|
|Windhoek, Namibia:||22°||33'||S||/ 17°||4'||E|
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