The 7 Wonders of the World

For centuries, human civilizations across the world have built and created cities, buildings, monuments, tombs, temples, churches, mosques, and other structures that continue to inspire awe in millions. Narrowing down the world's wonders to only seven is a difficult task. Luckily, the New7Wonders Foundation took the initiative to compose a list of the "new" seven wonders of the world by narrowing down a list of 200 monuments from around the world, including some of the world's most famous landmarks. 21 finalists were selected from this list, and the top seven were selected by popular vote. These are the seven new wonders of the world: Chichén Itzá in Mexico, Christ the Redeemer Statue in Brazil, the Colosseum in Italy, the Great Wall of China, Machu Picchu in Peru, Petra in Jordan, and the Taj Mahal in India. Each one offers a unique experience to those lucky enough to see them. From awe-inspiring design elements to hidden stories behind each structure, these wonders remain relevant today as they continue to capture imaginations across the globe.

The New Seven wonders of the world:

Seven Wonders of The World
The New Seven Wonders of The World

The Great Pyramid of Giza has also been added to the list. However, it is an honorary candidate and not one of the seven wonders.

Map Showing New 7 Wonders Of The World

New7Wonders of the world map
Map showing the locations of the New 7 Wonders of the World.

The Colosseum - Italy

Colosseum in Rome, Italy, in summer.
The ancient Roman Colosseum is one of the main tourist attractions in Europe.

The Colosseum of Rome is one of the most iconic structures in all of history. It was constructed from sand and stone over eight years, (72 AD to 80 AD),  commissioned by Emperor Vespasian, and the city initially named it the Flavian Amphitheater. The Colosseum stands today near the very center of Rome and still stands tall, offering visitors a glimpse into the past. The Colosseum was a place to host grand events such as gladiator fights and public executions. It had a seating capacity of over 50,000 people, with some speculation that more than 100,000 people could fit in its sizeable elliptical design. Under Emperor Titus, the first games included athletic performances, tragic dramas, and wild animal hunts. Gladiators from all over Italy came to show off their skills in battle, creating an exciting pastime for the citizens of Rome.

Fire and earthquake destroyed parts of it through time, today's remaining structure still offers a grand view from any angle, something that intrigues tourists from all over the world. Although its purpose has changed since ancient times, now serving primarily as a tourist attraction, its legacy remains one that history refuses to forget.

The Great Wall of China - China

The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China.

The Great Wall of China is one of the world's most ancient and impressive wonders. Spanning more than 13,000 miles across some of China's most challenging terrain. The history behind this spectacular structure dates back over 2,000 years, when Qin Shi Huang, the First Emperor of China, erected it. The primary purpose behind building the wall was to protect Chinese territories from foreign invaders such as Mongols and Manchu armies. After his reign, successive emperors added to it—including watchtowers, battlements, and parapets.

Today, many sections remain intact despite centuries of weather and warfare. Although the original goal was defensive, the Great Wall played a significant role in helping trade by preventing bandits from attacking merchants. At the same time, they traveled along its paths with their goods. This utility then led to increased economic activity, which helped develop Chinese culture and cemented China's status as a superpower for centuries. In 1987, UNESCO named it a World Heritage Site, and today it stands proud as one of the Seven Wonders of the World, offering visitors from around the globe a unique insight into China's deep history and culture. Though much effort has gone into preserving this remarkable structure in recent years, more work remains to ensure that this fascinating monument stands tall for future generations.

The Taj Mahal - India

Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India on a sunny day
Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The Taj Mahal is a grand monument in world history and one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built it in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died from childbearing complications. The construction began in 1632 and took around 20 years to complete. The Taj Mahal is on the banks of River Yamuna near Agra and is an architectural masterpiece that combines elements from both Islamic and Hindu traditions.

This impressive structure comprises white marble, precious stones, copper, bronze, and 24-carat gold, which gives it a magnificent appearance. It has four distinct facades, each with an entrance gate—three octagonal while the fourth is pointed—that leads towards the center, where a large dome stands tall above the complex. Inside are several chambers and courtyards overflowing with ornate decorations such as intricate carvings, calligraphy, and Persian motifs. The Taj Mahal was listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the World in 2007 due to its size, beauty, and historical significance. Today it remains a popular tourist destination attracting millions of visitors each year from all over the globe. Its grandeur inspires awe and admiration centuries after its construction, making it one of India's prideful symbols of continuity through time.

Christ the Redeemer - Brazil

Aerial view of Christ Redeemer and Corcovado Mountain
Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Image credit Iurii Dzivinskyi via Shutterstock

Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is a massive statue of Jesus Christ atop Corcovado Mountain. It stands 98 feet tall and has become one of the world's most venerated symbols of Brazilian culture and faith. This breathtaking monument's story began in the 1850s when a group of Catholics proposed erecting "a symbolic representation of Christianity" as a sign of gratitude towards God for protecting Brazil during WWI.

In 1922, the campaign began with donations from people across the country, and by 1931 construction was underway. Engineer Heitor da Silva Costa and sculptor Paul Landowski used reinforced concrete and soapstone to complete the statue in 1931 after nine years of hard work. The grand unveiling came five years later, in which hundreds of thousands gathered to witness its beauty lit up with floodlights against a dark sky, an astonishing sight still remembered today. Christ the Redeemer also became one of the world's seven new wonders in 2007. Millions visit annually from around the globe, making it one of Rio de Janeiro's most popular attractions, both for faithful Catholics and those merely looking for outstanding views amidst stunning landscapes.

Machu Picchu - Peru

Overview of the lost inca city Machu Picchu, agriculture terraces and Wayna Picchu, peak in the background, before sunrise
The lost Incan city, Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu is an ancient Incan city located in Peru and one of the most spectacular archaeological sites in the world. Construction finished around 1450 CE, during the reign of the Inca Emperor Pachacuti, and its likely function was for religious and administrative purposes. American explorer Hiram Bingham "discovered" the ruins in 1911 and, since then, the site has seen a steady influx of tourists from all over the world flock to admire Machu Picchu's grandeur. Notably, indigenous people in the area were aware of it and led Hiram to its location.

Machu Picchu is one of the seven Wonders of the World because it is an incredible example of pre-Columbian engineering and architecture. Not only does it display great precision in construction, but it also demonstrates a deep understanding of astronomy and natural resources. Its location on a mountain ridge between three lesser peaks gives it an impressive view of the Sacred Valley below. The walls are stones that masons carefully cut to fit together without mortar, demonstrating remarkable skill and knowledge. Up to 1,500 people may have inhabited the site, farming the terraced hillsides before abandoning their town due to the threat of Spanish colonists targeting Incan cities. What remains today is intact mainly due to conservation efforts, allowing archaeologists to understand better how this city fits into Inca culture with its various temples, palaces, homes, and agricultural terraces. Its intricate design continues to amaze visitors who wonder at its beauty centuries later.

Chichén Itzá - Mexico

Chichen Itza snake and Kukulkan Mayan temple pyramid Mexico
Chichen Itza snake and Kukulkan Mayan temple pyramid Mexico.

Chichén Itzá is an ancient Mayan city located in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Built around 600-900 CE, it was once one of the most influential cities of the Mayan civilization. Chichén Itzá played an essential role in trade, and its strategic position allowed it to become an important regional political and economic center. The city is home to some of the most spectacular examples of Mayan architecture, including El Castillo, a large pyramid structure with many symbolic decorations, and various temples featuring intricate carvings on their walls. One unique feature is the Ball Court, which showcases an ancient Mesoamerican game resembling a cross between basketball and soccer.

Chichén Itzá is one of the seven Wonders of the World due to its impressive size, grandeur, and historical significance. The site demonstrates incredible engineering skills, such as precise calendar calculations to determine the exact alignments of buildings. In addition, its ruins show evidence that the builders used sophisticated construction techniques, such as drainage systems and archways over doorways that could support heavy columns without sinking into the ground. The ruins are also incredibly well preserved, which adds to why millions of tourists come from all over the world every year to admire these majestic structures. Visitors can still experience a real connection with this ancient city thanks to modern-day conservation efforts made by archaeologists and researchers who continue to uncover new information about this fascinating archaeological site.

Petra - Jordan

Stunning view from a cave of the Ad Deir, Monastery in the ancient city of Petra, Jordan
Stunning view from a cave of the Ad Deir, Monastery in the ancient city of Petra, Jordan.

Petra is an ancient city located in the Kingdom of Jordan, one of the New seven Wonders of the World. Known initially as Raqmu, Petra was built around the 3rd century BC by a tribe of nomads called the Nabataeans. The Nabataeans had experienced architects who made their living by trading spices and incense throughout the Middle East. The city is most famous for its buildings carved directly into sandstone cliffs creating a visual spectacle that fascinates visitors today. Petra's most impressive landmarks are its temples, tombs, and grandest structure Al Khazneh (The Treasury). These structures possess intricate sculptures and handcrafted ornaments observers still marvel at today, even after thousands of years.

As Petra was once an important trading outpost for merchants from around the Mediterranean Sea, it prospered over time, becoming an influential center of culture, politics, art, and religion. However, it was eventually abandoned in the 8th century due to economic decline. Today Petra welcomes millions of tourists each year who admire its impressive architecture, rich history, and culture. This archaeological site has made such an impression that it has earned its place among the world's seven new wonders. Academics continue to study Petra, pursuing further knowledge of this ancient city's role in history.

Visiting the world's seven new wonders can be a truly unforgettable experience. Each structure carries a unique story that resonates with the cultures and beliefs within its own setting. From their beautifully crafted designs to their symbolic meanings, these new wonders are a testament to human ingenuity and craftsmanship while also representing the diverse histories of their countries of origin. Whether seen in person or admired from afar through photographs and stories, these structures offer invaluable insight into the past while also providing hope for future generations as they stand as reminders of humanity's most extraordinary achievements.

Great Pyramid of Giza - Egypt (Honorary Candidate)

Great Pyramid Of Giza
Great Pyramid Of Giza

Although the Great Pyramid of Giza was not officially selected as one of the seven wonders of the world, it was assigned an honorary title because of its undeniable importance. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the biggest and the oldest one among the three pyramids forming the Giza Pyramid Complex. Egyptologists believe that this pyramid was built over a period of 10 to 20 years and completed by around 2560 BC. For over 3,800 years, the Great Pyramid of Giza stood tall as the world’s tallest structure until this position was replaced by the skyscrapers of the modern world. The Pyramid has baffled engineers and architects across the world as to how it was constructed in times when modern infrastructural facilities did not exist. The pyramid houses the tomb of Khufu, the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh.

Seven Wonders Of The World Location And Year Built

Wonder Location Year
Great Wall of China China 700 BC (Several walls were built from as early as the 7th century BC. Later on, many successive dynasties built and maintained multiple stretches of border walls)
Petra Ma'an, Jordan 312 BC (Possibly as early as the 5th century BC.) 
Colosseum Rome, Italy AD 80 (Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 72 and was completed in 80 AD under his successor and heir, Titus.)
Chichén Itzá Yucatán, Mexico AD 600 (Chichen Itza was a major focal point in the Northern Maya Lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic)
Machu Picchu Cuzco Region, Peru AD 1450 (Most recent archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472))
Taj Mahal Agra, India AD 1643 (It was commissioned in 1631 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; it also houses his own tomb)
Christ the Redeemer Rio de Janeiro, Brazil AD 1931 (Constructed between 1922 and 1931)
Giza Pyramids (honorary status) Giza Necropolis, Egypt 2560 BC (The Great Pyramid has been determined to be about 4600 years old through its attribution to Khufu and  radiocarbon dating of organic material)

Other Lists Of Wonders 

The Seven Natural Wonders of the World is an unofficial list of the most spectacular places in nature from around the globe.

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World include picks from ancient times, such as the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Temple of Artemis, the Statue of Zeus of Olympia, the Colossus of Rhodes, and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.

The 10 Wonders of the Medieval World include the most impressive wonders of the Middle Ages. Examples of these wonders include Stonehenge, the Hagia Sophia, and the Leaning Tower of Pisa.


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