Most of the population in Mexico live in urban centers and in 2015 about 79% of its population was living in the cities and only 21% living in the rural areas. According to the UN population division, Mexico’s urban population was 17% higher than most countries in Central America and 20% higher than most countries around the world. Its urban population is growing at a rate of 1.64%, which is similar to the global median growth of 1.66%. Mexico ranks the first country in Central America with the highest urban population as a percentage of the total population and ranks 79th position worldwide. Mexico now ranks 7th in Central America with the largest urban population and 108th in the whole world.
The Biggest Cities In Mexico
Mexico City is the capital of Mexico and by far the most populated city in the country. By population, Mexico City is the largest city in North America and one of the largest cities in the world. The population was 8.56 million in 2014, and the city has remained the principal manufacturing point and attracts both the skilled and semi-skilled workers from all parts of the country. Mexico City has most industries within the metropolitan area and not centralized within the Federal District. In the 1990s, the government forced some industries to relocate or close down because of air pollution. Some of the light manufacturing industries in the city include clothing, paper, chemical, plastics, cement, food processing, and electronics. Mexico City is home to the seat of the Mexican Government.
It is the second largest municipality of the greater Mexico City with a population of 1.7 million people as of 2014. The city is part of the suburb of Mexico City and ranked the 15th most populous suburbs in the world. It is also known as Ecatepec de Morelos and most of its inhabitant's commute to work to Mexico City, and the Mexico City metro subway was extended to serve Ecatepec.
Guadalajara, the second largest city in Mexico, is known as the Pearl of the West with a population of 1.5 million inhabitants. The city has a rich history dating back to the 17th century but experienced growth in the early 1930s and by 1970s it had become Mexico’s second largest city. In 1997 UNESCO designated the cabanas hospice and Jalisco museum as world heritage centers, and there are several old building dotted around the city.The economy of Guadalajara economy is based on the location as the political and commercial of all the surrounding agricultural areas which specialize in corn, livestock, and beans.From the 1940s the city has always been a major manufacturing industry of chemicals, textiles, soft drinks, building materials, and electronics among others.
The third largest city in Mexico, Puebla, has a population of 1.5 million people and its name in full is Puebla de Zaragoza it is also the capital of Puebla State in central Mexico. The city was founded in 1532 as Puebla de Los Angeles. The city has some of the oldest buildings which have been designated as UNESCO world heritage center which were built between 16th and 17th century. The city is a major commercial center of the surrounding agricultural produce including livestock, cotton, and sugarcane and is also the oldest manufacturing city of items such as onyx products, pottery, glass, textiles, and Talavera tiles. Currently, the economy of the city is largely dependent on manufacturing and service sectors. Some of the popular and modern manufacturing industries include automobiles, building materials, metal products, food, and beverage. The city is well serviced by roads, rail, and air transport.
Future Rise In Population
Other large cities in Mexico with their population sizes in millions include Ciudad Juarez (1.4). Tijuana (1.39), Leon (1.28), Zapopan (1.2), Monterrey (1.17), Nezahualcoyotl (1.16). The urban population in Mexico is growing at a rate of 1.64%, which is same as the world median growth rate of 1.66%. Mexico ranks the first country in Central America with the highest urban population as a percentage of the total population and ranks 79th position worldwide.Mexico ranks 7th in Central America with the largest urban population and 108th in the whole world. Its population is expected to remain relatively constant into the future. Mexico has net immigration - 523,585 people, and these are mainly people looking for jobs in foreign countries.
The Biggest Cities In Mexico
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About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
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