Arabic is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. On the list of the world’s most spoken languages, Arabic ranks fifth. It is the liturgical language of Muslims across the world. Arabic is included on the list of United Nations languages, and is taught in schools, spoken in workplaces, and used at official functions. Most languages in the Middle East and parts of Africa have been influenced by the Arabic language. Similarly, Arabic has been influenced by other languages such as Persian, Greek, English, and French. Arabic is the official language of countries such as Algeria, Bahrain, Jordan, Egypt, and Malta, among others.
Arabic In Algeria
Algeria is an African country and member of the Arab League with a population of 41,701,000. Algeria's two official languages are Arabic and Berber. Arabic was Algeria’s only official language until 2002, at which time Berber was also given official status. Close to 81% of Algerians speak and understand Arabic and the country's official documents are all written in the language. The Arabic dialect spoken in Algeria is commonly referred to as ‘Darja.' It is slightly different from the Standard Arabic spoken in the Middle East and other parts of the world. Algerian Arabic has been influenced by French, Berber, and Turkish languages. Although French is widely used in Algeria, it has no official status in the country.
Arabic In Bahrain
Bahrain is a country in the Middle East and member of the Arab League with a population of 1,343,000. Of this total, 81.4% speak Arabic. The country’s official language is Arabic, especially the Bahrani Arabic dialect, which is used in most books, magazines, newspapers, and official documents. The language has many dialects, which vary from urban areas to the countryside. English is also commonly used in Bahrain, particularly in the business community. Other foreign languages popularly in use in Bahrain are Farsi, Urdu, and Malayalam.
Arabic In Egypt
Egypt is a member of the Arab League and has a population of 90,000,000. More than 93% of the country's population speaks some form of Arabic. Modern Standard Arabic is Egypt's official language, which appears on most written documents and is used in schools across the country. There are many other variants of Arabic spoken in Egypt in addition to Egyptian Arabic. Arabic was introduced in Egypt by Arab invaders during the 7th century. Egyptian Arabic is a blend of the locally spoken languages, including Turkish, Berber, French and Italian. Egypt’s vibrant media industry has led to the spread of Egyptian Arabic to foreign countries such as Israel, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait.
Arabic In Jordan
Jordan is a member of the Arab League of Nations and has a population of 6,655,000. Arabic is the country's official language and is spoken by approximately 96% of the population. Jordan is a predominantly Muslim nation, and Modern Standard Arabic is the most commonly used variant of the Arabic language. Most Jordanians are native Arabic speakers. English is also widely used in the commercial sector, as well as in universities, but has no official status. Other foreign languages used in Jordan include French, Italian, Spanish, and German.
Classical Arabic And Modern Standard Arabic
The use of the Arabic language is widespread across Arab League nations as well as other countries outside the Arab League. Classical Arabic is the formal version of Arabic. It is complex, mainly found in the Quran and ancient texts. In contrast, Modern Standard Arabic is less complicated and is commonly used in modern Arabic texts.
Countries Where Arabic is an Official Language
|Rank||Country||Population||Notes||No. of Arabic Speakers||% of Arabic Speakers||Member state of Arab League|
|1||Algeria||41,701,000||Co-official language, along with Berber||40,100,000||80.00||Yes|
|3||Chad||10,329,208||Co-official language, along with French||1,320,000||1.81||No|
|4||Comoros||798,000||Co-official language, along with French and Comorian||Yes|
|5||Djibouti||810,179||Co-official language, along with French||97,900||1.32||Yes|
|7||Eritrea||6,380,803||Co-official language, along with English and Tigrinya||249,700||3.83||Observer status|
|8||Iraq||36,004,552||Co-official language, along with Kurdish||22,908,120||85.81||Yes|
|9||Israel||8,238,300||Co-official language, along with Hebrew||2,039,000||24.82||No|
|12||Lebanon||4,965,914||Co-official language, along with French||4,180,000||91.44||Yes|
|13||Libya||6,244,174||Official language||4,526,000||72.09||Yes a|
|14||Malta||445,426||Maltese Arabic, Co-official language, along with English||423,154||95.00||No|
|16||Morocco||33,250,000||Co-official language, along with Berber||25,003,930||74.29||Yes|
|18||Palestine||4,484,000||Official language in Palestinian territories||1,610,000||37.49||Yes|
|20||Saudi Arabia||30,770,375||Official language||27,178,770||95.62||Yes|
|21||Somalia||10,428,043||Co-official language, along with Somali||3,788,000||31.26||Yes|
|22||Sudan||40,235,000||Co-official language, along with English||28,164,500||70.00||Yes|
|23||Syria||20,956,000||Official language||17,951,639||91.71||Yes b|
|25||United Arab Emirates||9,346,129||Official language||3,607,600||39.71||Yes|
|26||Yemen||23,833,000||Official language||14,671,000||54.68||Yes c|