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Countries That Are Considered Socialist

Socialist countries include China, Laos, Cuba, and Vietnam.

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Socialism is a political and economic ideology employed by certain governments around the world. Often seen as the opposite of capitalism, socialism prescribes the belief of equal wealth distribution and government control of the economy. The dominance of socialism in global politics peaked in the mid-20th century, during the height of the Cold War. Socialist countries are classified into two categories: countries which belief in Marxism-Leninism ideologies and those which do not. Currently, there exist only four countries around the globe that are recognized as Marxist-Leninist socialist. These countries are China, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam.

Countries That Are Considered Socialist

China

The People’s Republic of China is the oldest existing socialist country in the world, with socialism being practiced since 1949. The Communist Party of China, the country’s ruling and largest party, is driven by socialist ideals. The party was founded in 1921 and is among the oldest in Asia. The party’s ideology can be defined as a blend between Chinese communism and Marxism-Leninism. The leader of the Communist Party of China is also the socialist nation’s head of state. China still shares strong relations with other socialist countries and communist parties in former socialist countries.

Laos

Laos is another socialist country in Asia. The Laos People’s Revolutionary Party sanctions socialism in the country. Founded in 1955, the Laos People’s Revolutionary Party is the country’s ruling and largest party, holding 128 of the total 132 seats in parliament as of 2016. The party is a descendant from the older Communist Party of Vietnam, which inspired the growth of socialist political movements in Asia in the early 20th century. The party inherited many of the Communist Party’s socialist policies including the Marxism-Leninism ideology.

Cuba

Cuba is the only country in the western hemisphere that practices socialist ideologies. The country embraced socialism in July 1966 and was spearheaded by the country’s longest-ruling leader, Fidel Castro. The Communist Party of Cuba, the country’s ruling party, is responsible for advancing socialist policies in Cuba. The party was established in October 1965, six years after the deposing of Fulgencio Batista, as a merger of the Popular Socialist Party, Revolutionary Directory, and the 26th of July Movement, with Fidel Castro as its Central Committee’s First Secretary. The country practices a strict version of the Marxism-Leninism socialism. Cuba has a history of participating in revolutionary movements in other nations, including Angola, which later became a socialist country.

Former Socialist Countries

Angola is one of the few countries in Sub-Saharan Africa considered to be socialist. The country's constitution is explicit in its definition of the government structure, stating that Angola is a socialist state. However, the government is yet to implement these provisions of the constitution that would make Angola a socialist state in practice. Nonetheless, the country seems to be gradually embracing democratic systems of governance and even has characteristics which define capitalism. Some scholars, however, believe that socialism in the country ended in August 1992. Benin is another country whose constitution defines it as a socialist but has embraced a different political ideology. Other examples include Poland, Hungary, Mozambique, and Albania.

What Countries Are Socialist?

Socialist countries include China, Laos, Cuba, and Vietnam.

Countries That Are Considered Socialist

´╗┐CountryType of Socialism
AngolaSocialist Party in Power
BangladeshNon-Marxist-Leninist
BarbadosSocialist Party in Power
BoliviaSocialist Party in Power
ChinaMarxist-Leninist
CubaMarxist-Leninist
EcuadorSocialist Party in Power
El SalvadorSocialist Party in Power
EthiopiaSocialist Party in Power
GreeceSocialist Party in Power
Guinea-BissauSocialist Party in Power
GuyanaNon-Marxist-Leninist
LaosMarxist-Leninist
MauritiusSocialist Party in Power
MozambiqueSocialist Party in Power
NamibiaSocialist Party in Power
NepalNon-Marxist-Leninist
NepalSocialist Party in Power
NicaraguaSocialist Party in Power
North KoreaNon-Marxist-Leninist
PortugalNon-Marxist-Leninist
Republic of the CongoSocialist Party in Power
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSocialist Party in Power
Sri LankaNon-Marxist-Leninist
SurinameSocialist Party in Power
TanzaniaNon-Marxist-Leninist
TanzaniaSocialist Party in Power
UruguaySocialist Party in Power
VenezuelaSocialist Party in Power
VietnamMarxist-Leninist
ZambiaSocialist Party in Power

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