The physical map illustrates the four principal regions of Angola: an arid coastal lowland, hills and mountains that rise inland, a vast plain known as the high plateau (planalto), and rain forest. The mostly flat coastal plain stretches inland for 30 to 100 miles into a belt of rolling hills and a series of scattered mountains. The highest point of the country, Morro de Moco, peaks at 8,592 ft (2,620 m), and is located in the Ahaggar Mountains. Conversely, the lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m). Angola's elevated high plateau rises 4,000 to 6,000 ft. (1,200 to 1,800 m), lies to the east of the hills and mountains and dominates Angola's terrain. The Zambezi River and several tributaries of the Congo River flow through Angola. Additional rivers of importance include the Cubango, Cuando and Cuango. Also of note are the Kalandula Falls located on the Lucala River. At 344 ft. (105 m) the Kalandula are one of the largest waterfalls in Africa based on volume. The Northern Angolan province of Cabinda is separated from the mainland by a narrow strip of land belonging to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Luanda the capital city is its primary port located on Angola's northern Atlantic coast. Its the largest city with over 8 million inhabitants in 2019 (a third of Angola's population).
The political map of Angola shows the 18 provinces and their capital cities. The most populated province is Luanda which contains its capital city. Its largest province by area is Cuando Cubango located in the south-east at 204,000 km² followed closely by its northern neighbor Moxico at 201,000 km². Cabinda is an exclave that is separated from the rest of Angola by a narrow strip of territory that belongs to the Democratic Republic of the Congo
18 provinces of Angola; Bengo, Benguela, Bie, Cabinda, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza-Norte, Cuanza-Sul, Cunene, Huambo, Huila, Luanda, Lunda-Norte, Lunda-Sul, Malanje, Moxico, Namibe, Uige, and Zaire.
Angola is located on the southwestern Atlantic Coast of Africa between Namibia and the Republic of the Congo. It also is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia to the east.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Angola|
|8 50 S, 13 13 E|
|Independence||11 November 1975 (from Portugal)|
|Total Area||1,246,700.00 km2|
|Land Area||1,246,700.00 km2|
|Water Area||0.00 km2|
|Total Border||5,369.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Democratic Republic of the Congo 2646 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province), Republic of the Congo 231 km, Namibia 1427 km, Zambia 1065 km|
|Climate||Semiarid in south and along coast to luanda; north has cool, dry season (may to october) and hot, rainy season (november to april)|
|Coordinates||12 30 S, 18 30 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,112 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,620 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%|
|Languages||Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6% (2014 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,973.59|
|Exports||Crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020