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Louisiana History Timeline

1500s - 1600s
  • (1519) Spanish explorer Alonso de Pineda reached the mouth of Mississippi River
  • (1541-42) Hernando de Soto explored region, discovered Mississippi River
  • (1682) Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle, claimed Mississippi watershed for France; named area for King Louis XIV
  • (1714) Juchereau de St. Denis founded first permanent settlement in Louisiana
  • (1718) Jean Baptiste le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, founded New Orleans
  • (1719) Black slaves imported into Louisiana
  • (1722) Hurricane destroyed most of New Orleans
  • (1723) New Orleans became capital of Louisiana
  • (1729) Natchez Indians massacred 250 settlers at Fort Rosalie
  • (1762) King Louis XV gave Charles II of Spain all land west of Mississippi
  • (1768) Louisiana colonists of Louisiana rebelled against Spanish rule
  • (1769) Spain regained control of Louisiana
  • (1788) Most of New Orleans destroyed by fire
  • (1800) Spain ceded Louisiana back to France
  • (1803) U. S. purchased Louisiana Territory
  • (1812) Louisiana became 18th state
  • (1815) British defeated by Andrew Jackson in Battle of New Orleans
  • (1832) Yellow fever and choloera epidemic killed more than 5,000 in New Orleans
  • (1837) New Orleans held first Mardi Gras parade
  • (1849) Baton Rouge became capital of Louisiana
  • (1853) Yellow fever epidemic killed more than 11,000 in New Orleans
  • (1861) Louisiana seceded from Union; joined the Confederacy
  • (1862) New Orleans captured by Union troops; salt mine discovered at Avery Island
  • (1866) Race riot in New Orleans killed 38 people, wounded 146
  • (1868) Louisiana readmitted to Union; state lottery established
  • (1870) Robert E. Lee beat Natchez in steamboat race
  • (1873) Colfax riot occurred, more than 100 African American men killed
  • (1874) Severe flooding occurred throughout the state
  • (1879) New state constitution adopted; mouth of Mississippi River deepened to allow large ocean vessels to reach New Orleans
  • (1884) World's Fair held in New Orleans
  • (1891) Mob in New Orleans lynched 11 Italians charged in murder of Police Chief Hennessy
  • (1892) Knights of Labor held general strike in New Orleans
  • (1893) Hurricane killed over 2,000 in Louisiana and Mississippi
  • (1901) First oil flow discovered at Jennings
  • (1915) Hurricane struck New Orleans, killed 275 people, caused $13 million in damages
  • (1916) Natural gas field discovered near Monroe
  • (1921) New state constitution adopted
  • (1927) Floods devastated 1,300,000 acres, 300,000 left homeless
  • (1928) Huey P. Long elected governor
  • (1932) Huey P. Long became U S Senator; new capitol completed in Baton Rouge
  • (1934) Outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow gunned down by law enforcement officers and posse near Gibsland
  • (1935) Huey Long assassinated on steps of state capitol
  • (1939) Political scandals forced resignation of Governor Richard Leche
  • (1947) First offshore oil well in Louisiana established
  • (1956) Longest over-water bridge in world - Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened
  • (1957) Hundreds of people in Cameron Parish killed during Hurricane Audrey
  • (1958) Segregation on city buses abolished in New Orleans
  • (1960) Two public schools in Orleans Parish desegregated
  • (1965) Hurricane Betsy devestated southern Louisiana; over 60 deaths occurred
  • (1966) National Football League awarded franchise to New Orleans Saints
  • (1969) Hurricane Camille struck, killed 250 people
  • (1973) Lindy Boggs became first congresswoman in Louisiana
  • (1975) Super Dome in New Orleans completed
  • (1983) Edwin Edwards became first three-term governor
  • (1985) Governor Edwards indicted on federal racketeering charges
  • (1986) Governor Edwards acquitted of all charges
  • (1987) Pope John Paul II visited New Orleans; Cuban detainees at detention center in Oakdale staged eight-day seize, held 26 people hostage
  • (1988) Republican National Convention held in New Orleans
  • (1989) Former grand wizard of Ku Klux Klan, David Duke, elected to state legislature
  • (1991) State legislature approved riverboat gambling
  • (1992) Hurricane Andrew killed 11, caused $1 billion in damages
  • (1998) Major flooding throughout southern part of state from Tropical Storm Francis
  • (2005) Hurricane Katrina struck southeastern Louisiana, damaged levees flooded New Orleans, more than 1,500 people killed, over two million homeless; Hurricane Rita caused major flooding in New Orleans
  • (2008) Threat of Hurricane Gustav foreced 1.9 million people to evacuate southern Louisiana, with 200,000 being residents of New Orleans, largest evacuation in the history of Louisiana, 800,000 people left without power, property damages of $8 billion; Louisiana had highest per capita murder rate of all US states for 20th cosecutive year
  • (2010) New Orleans Saints won Super Bowl; 11 people killed, 17 injured in explosion of British Petroleum (BP) off-shore oil rig in Gulf of Mexico; massive oil spill occurred; over 65 miles of Louisiana coastline oiled
  • (2011) BP sued Transocean, the owner of the oil rig that exploded in Gulf in 2010, for $40 billion in damages
  • (2012) BP reached $7.8 billion settlement with largest group of plaintiffs over 2010 oil rig spill

Louisiana Photographs

hernado de soto la salle discovers the mississippi louis XIV louis XV jean lafitte andrew jackson battle of new orleans robert e lee steamboat bonnie clyde huey long richard leche lindy boggs 1988 gop convention pope john paul II hurricane rita damage katrina flooding deepwater horizon oil spill deepwater horizon fire

Louisiana Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Crowley Acadia 337
Oakdale Allen 318
Gonzales Ascension 225
Napoleonville Assumption 985
Marksville Avoyelles 318
Deridder Beauregard 337
Arcadia Bienville 318
Bossier City Bossier 318
Shreveport Caddo 318
Lake Charles Calcasieu 337
Columbia Caldwell 318
Hackberry Cameron 337
Jonesville Catahoula 318
Homer Claiborne 318
Ferriday Concordia 318
Mansfield De Soto 318
Baton Rouge East Baton Rouge 225
Lake Providence East Carroll 318
Jackson East Feliciana 225
Ville Platte Evangeline 337
Winnsboro Franklin 318
Pollock Grant 318
New Iberia Iberia 337
Plaquemine Iberville 225
Jonesboro Jackson 318
Metairie Jefferson 504
Jennings Jefferson Davis 337
Jena La Salle 318
Lafayette Lafayette 337
Thibodaux Lafourche 985
Ruston Lincoln 318
Denham Springs Livingston 225
Tallulah Madison 318
Bastrop Morehouse 318
Natchitoches Natchitoches 318
New Orleans Orleans 504
Monroe Ouachita 318
Belle Chasse Plaquemines 985
New Roads Pointe Coupee 225
Alexandria Rapides 318
Coushatta Red River 318
Rayville Richland 318
Many Sabine 318
Chalmette Saint Bernard 504
Destrehan Saint Charles 985
Greensburg Saint Helena 225
Vacherie Saint James 225
Opelousas Saint Landry 337
Breaux Bridge Saint Martin 337
Morgan City Saint Mary 985
Slidell Saint Tammany 985
La Place St John the Baptist 985
Hammond Tangipahoa 985
Newellton Tensas 318
Houma Terrebonne 985
Farmerville Union 318
Abbeville Vermilion 337
Leesville Vernon 337
Bogalusa Washington 985
Minden Webster 318
Port Allen West Baton Rouge 225
Oak Grove West Carroll 318
Saint Francisville West Feliciana 225
Winnfield Winn 318

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.