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Germany History Timeline

Germany's Information

Flag of Germany
Land Area 348,672 km2
Water Area 8,350 km2
Total Area 357,022km2 (#62)
Population 80,722,792 (#18)
Population Density 231.51/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $3,980.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $48,200
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
800s - 1400s
  • (800) Charlamagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • (843) Treaty of Verdun
  • (936) Otto I crowned King
  • (1027) Konrad II crowned Emporer of the Salians
  • (1138) Konrad III, first Hohenstaufen Emperor
  • (1155) Friedrich I Barbarossa crowned Emperor
  • (1250) Beginning of the Great Interregnum
  • (1273) Coronation of Rudolf I
  • (1312) Heinrich VII becomes Emperor
  • (1419-36) Hussite Wars
  • (1438) Albrecht II Emperor House of Hapsburg
1500s - 1800s
  • (1517) Martin Luther's Reformation
  • (1522) The Knights' War
  • (1524-25) The Peasants' War
  • (1540) first stock exchanges developed
  • (1546) Schmalkalden War begins
  • (1608) Establishment of the Protestant Union
  • (1609) Formation of the Catholic League
  • (1618-1648) Thirty Years' War
  • (1701) King of Prussia crowned
  • (1702-14) War of Spanish Succession
  • (1740) Frederick the Great crowned King of Prussia
  • (1740-42) The Silesian War
  • (1756-63) The Seven Years' War
  • (1803) Territorial reform of the German states
  • (1813) Battle of the Nations at Leipzig
  • (1847) Communist Manifesto published
  • (1848-49) The March Revolution
  • (1866) Prussian-Austrian War
  • (1870-71) Franco-Prussian War
  • (1871) Wilhelm I crowned Prussian King
  • (1890) Fall of Bismark
  • (1914) World War I begins
  • (1918) Declaration of the Republic
  • (1919) World War I ends
  • (1919) Treaty of Versailles signed
  • (1921) Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the NSDAP
  • (1926) Germany accepted into League of Nations
  • (1933) Hitler appointed Chancellor of the Reich
  • (1934-1945) Nazi Holocaust
  • (1939) Germany invades Poland, World War II begins
  • (1941) Germany invades USSR
  • (1944) Allies land at Normandy
  • (1945) Hitler commits suicide
  • (1945) Germany surrenders, World War II ends
  • (1948-49) Berlin blockade
  • (1949) Federal Republic and GDR established
  • (1961) Berlin Wall built
  • (1972) West Germany hosts Summer Olympics
  • (1973) West and East Germany join UN
  • (1974) Hosts FIFA World Cups, and wins
  • (1982) Helmut Kohl elected Chancellor
  • (1989) Fall of the Berlin Wall
  • (1990) Reunification of Germany
  • (1990) Germany wins FIFA World Cup
  • (1998) Gerhard Shroder elected Chancellor
  • (1991) Berlin named capital
  • (2000) Hanover hosts Expo 2000
  • (2001) Women begin serving in Bundeswehr
  • (2002) Euro introduced across Germany
  • (2005) Pope Benedict XVI consecrated
  • (2005) Angela Merkel elected Chancellor
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Germany Trivia

What Do the Colors of the German Flag Mean?

The colors of the flag of Germany somewhat resemble the colors used in the Roman Empire, which were just black and gold.

What Do the Colors of the German Flag Mean?

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Germany?

Germans make up the largest ethnic group in Germany at an estimated 80% of the population. Ethnic minorities in the country include Turks, Poles, Italians, and Russians.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Germany

Who was the lead scientist on the twin experiments?

Josef Mengele was the leader of these experiments. He performed them on 1,500 pairs of twins who were imprisoned at Auschwitz.

Where Did The Most Shocking Nazi Human Experiments Happen?

Are There Any Female Heads of Government?

There are many powerful women in politics around the world. Some examples are Queen Elizabeth and Prime Minister Theresa May of the United Kingdom, Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel, and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf the President of Liberia and the first female head of state in Africa.

10 Female Heads of State

What is a Coalition Government?

A coalition government refers to a government that incorporates the cooperation of several political parties.

What is a Coalition Government?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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Germany states & their capitals

Region Capital
Baden-Wurttemberg Stuttgart
Bavaria Munich
Berlin Berlin
Brandenburg Potsdam
Bremen Bremen
Hamburg Hamburg
Hesse Wiesbaden
Lower Saxony Hannover
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Schwerin
North Rhine-Westphalia Dusseldorf
Rhineland-Palatinate Mainz
Saarland Saarbrucken
Saxony Dresden
Saxony-Anhalt Magdeburg
Schleswig-Holstein Kiel
Thuringia Erfurt

Countries of Europe