Germany has many notable landforms, including mountains, lowlands, woodlands, rivers, islands, and lakes. The terrain starts at sea level in the north, gradually rising until it turns into mountains in the south. The Bavarian Alps are found in the south, with the highest peak, Zugspitze, rising to 9,718 feet above sea level. There are several other small mountain ranges found across central Germany especially along the woodlands and the Thuringian forest. The Ore mountains are found in the southern border with the Czech Republic. These are the tallest mountains in Germany.
Zugspitze has an elevation of 2,962 meters and is the highest peak in Germany. The Zugspitze belongs to the Northern Limestone Alps. It is found in the boundary between Germany and Austria. Initially, it had three peaks, the eastern, middle, and western summits, of which only one, the eastern summit, has remained in its original form. This summit lies entirely in German territory. The middle summit of Zugspitze was altered during the launch of cable car summit station in the 1930s, while the west summit was mechanically blown up in order to create room for building a flight control station. However, the control station was never built. The flora in Zugspitze is not very diverse because of the soil conditions here, but the vegetation is very colorful especially in the meadows of Schachen, the Tieferen Wies near Ehrwald, and in the valleys of Höllental, Gaistal and Leutaschtal. On the southern side of the massif, habitats for chamois and marmots are widespread. Three of the five main glaciers in Germany are found in the Zugspitze massif, including the Höllentalferner, and the Southern and Northern Schneeferner peaks.
The Schneefernerkopf tops out at 2,874 meters, and is the second highest mountain in Germany. It is found in the Zugspitze massif in the Bavarian Alps. It lies at the western end of the Wetterstein chain between the German state of Bavaria and the Austrian state of Tyrol. It is regarded as an independent mountain and not a sub-peak of the Zugspitze, even though it is very near in proximity.
Holzgauer Wetterspitze is the highest peak in the Wetterspitze group of the Lechtal Alps, and one of the highest mountains of the Lechtal Alps. It is 2,750 meters high and mainly consists of limestone from the upper Triassic period. It is popular with climbers who can manage International Climbing and and Mountaineering Federation (UIAA) Grades I and II, which are Class 3 and 4 climbs. Accommodating villages in Letchtal have developed, such as Holzgau, Hägerau, and Kaisers, to host visitors who come to hike. This has contributed positively to the economy of the region.
Hochwanner is the highest peak on the main ridge of the Wetterstein at 2,744 meters. From this mountain, there is a marvelous view to be had of several valleys and mountains, such as the Rein valley, the Leutasch valley in Austria, the Gais valley, and the Zugspitze and Karwendel mountains. It has one of the highest rock faces in the whole of the Northern limestone Alps, dropping by around 1,500 meters. The first ascent of the Hochwanner was in 1870 by Hermann von Barth.
Other prominent peaks in Germany include Hollentalspitze, Watzmann, Hochblassen, Wetterwandeck, Leutascher Dreitorspitze, and Plattspitze. Each of these rise to above 2,600 meters in elevation, and are found mainly in the Bavarian Alps. Due to their scenic views and challenging terrain, several of them are popular hiking spots for tourists.