European Russia is the mass of Russian land west of the Ural Mountains It's indicated above in a medium shade of green, fronting Europe.
It is not a separate country, but rather called European Russia because of its political and cultural blending with European countries and peoples.
St. Petersburg and Moscow (the capital) are located in European Russia. Regardless, the entire country is (geographically) still considered a part of Asia.
The Russian Federation - spread over all climate zones (except tropical) - is the world's largest country, with land that stretches halfway around the planet.
In fact, by airplane from Moscow, it takes over 8 hours to reach Vladivostok on its far eastern coast.
Moscow is the country's major economic and political center; it's the seat of the President, the government and the State Duma.
To learn more about the dynamics of this unparrelled land, visit this page.