European Russia is the mass of Russian land west of the Ural Mountains It's indicated above in a medium shade of green, fronting Europe.
It is not a separate country, but rather called European Russia because of its political and cultural blending with European countries and peoples.
St. Petersburg and Moscow (the capital) are located in European Russia. Regardless, the entire country is (geographically) still considered a part of Asia.
The Russian Federation - spread over all climate zones (except tropical) - is the world's largest country, with land that stretches halfway around the planet.
In fact, by airplane from Moscow, it takes over 8 hours to reach Vladivostok on its far eastern coast.
Moscow is the country's major economic and political center; it's the seat of the President, the government and the State Duma.
To learn more about the dynamics of this unparrelled land, visit this page.
Facts and Figures
Official Name Russian Federation
Capital City Moscow (8.4 million)
Largest Cities (metro areas) Moscow (12 million), St. Petersburg (4.8 million), Nizhnij Novgorod (1.9 million), Novosibirsk (1.4 million), Sverdlovsk (1.4 million)
Languages Russian (official), others
Official Currency Ruble
Currency Converter (here)
Religions Russian Orthodox, others
Land Area The country is approximately 5,592 miles, (9000km) west to east, with a total land area of 17,075,400 sq km, (6,592,812 sq miles)
Latitude/Longitude 55� 75N, 37� 62E
Land Borders 36,388 miles (58,562 km), with 8,845 miles (14,253 km) bordering countries, and 27,532 miles (44,309 km) bordering oceans and seas.
Landforms The broad European Plain, or Volga River Plain extends from the Ural Mountains to its western borders. In the far southwest the Caucasus Mountains slice across the land. The country's highest point, Mt. Elbrus, is located here, at 18,481 ft. (5,633m). The central and southern areas include large fertile areas, marsh, steppes (plains without trees) and massive coniferous forests. Siberia is a combination of frozen tundra, with rolling hills rising to plateaus, and numerous rugged mountain ranges. The northeast, south-central and southeast areas are covered by a wide variety of mountain ranges. A few on the Kamchatka Peninsula are active volcanoes. Russia has more than 100,000 rivers with a length of 7 miles, or greater. Significant rivers include the Volga, Dnieper and Dvina (in the east) and the Lena, Ob, and Yenisey (central). Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, at 5,310 ft. (1,620m).
Land Divisions The Russian Federation is divided into 21 republics, 6 krays (federal territories), 2 federal cities, 49 regions (oblasts), 1 autonomous region and 10 autonomous areas. It has 1,067 major cities, with 13 having a population of one million, or more.
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Russian Map (large) here
Russian Outline Map here
Russian Federation Outline Map here
Russia Time Zone Map here
Russian Federation Map CIA version here
Russian Federation Maps at UT here
Chechnya Map here
Asia Continent (printable) here
Asia Outline Map here
Asia Political Map at UT here
Europe Continent here
European Continent at UT here
Moscow Guide here!
Russian Embassy (U.S.) here!
Russian Tourism here!
St. Petersburg Guide here!
Time and Weather
Time Zone (Moscow is UTC +3) Note that UTC is also known as GMT, or Greenwich Mean Time. Conversion details and additional info: here
Russia stretches across eleven (11) time zones, and a few major city times (UTCs) are shown below. Based on the data shown, add the suggested hours to the Moscow time to find that city's current time.
Perm (UTC +5) add 2 hours to Moscow time
Omsk (UTC +6) add 3 hours to Moscow time
Irkutsk (UTC +8) add 5 hours to Moscow time
Vladivostok (UTC +10) add 7 hours to Moscow time
Times across Russia here
Russia Time Zone Map here
Time and Date in Moscow
Climate The Russian Federation (because of its size) has a wide variety of weather conditions.
In general terms, winters are somewhat mild along the Black Sea coastal areas, much colder inland and northwest, and frigid in Siberia.
Summers vary from mild to warm in the west and central, with cooler conditions north, and along the Arctic coast.