1. World Map /
  2. Europe/
  3. Spain

Spain

Spain's Information

Flag of Spain
Land Area 498,980 km2
Water Area 6,390 km2
Total Area 505,370km2 (#51)
Population 48,563,476 (#28)
Population Density 97.33/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $1,690.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $36,500
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Spain History
Largest Cities

Spain has a population of 47,042,984 and gained its independence in 1479. It has shares its land borders with 5 countries: Morocco, Gibraltar, Andorra, France and Portugal.

Separated from western Europe by the Pyrenees and from Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar, the Iberian Peninsula (occupied by Spain and Portugal) was long an attractive target for expanding Mediterranean empires and greedy outsiders.

roman empire Around 1100 BC southern Iberia was colonized by the Phoenicians, and by 220 BC, the Romans and their culture dominated the entire peninsula.

When the Roman Empire faded, assorted ethnic groups settled in, and the forceful Visigoths eventually ruled.

In the early 700's, Muslim forces from North Africa crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and their culture and traditions subsequently influenced most of the peninsula for the next 800 years.

Christianity revived itself (albeit slowly) during the Muslim era, and when Fernando, heir to the throne of Aragon, and Princess Isabel of Castille married in 1469, large Christian parts of Spain were now united as one.

Their forces overran Granada, and the last Muslim stronghold surrendered. Now known as the 'Catholic Monarchs,' Fernando and Isabel resumed the Spanish Inquisition ( or Reconquest), a time of aggressive religious persecution, where Muslims, Jews and other non-Christians were expelled and/or executed.

The royal couple supported expeditions to the New World by Columbus, and other explorers like Balboa, Cotez and Magellan. Untold riches flowed into Spain from their new colonies in the Americas, and Spain became a powerful country.

columbus In fact, in the 16th and 17th centuries (under the Habsburgs), with its colonies spread across the Americas and its navy dominating the oceans, the Spanish Empire literally became the first global superpower. At home it was enjoying a so-called Golden Age, as the creative geniuses of Cervantes, El Greco, Lope de Vega and Velazquez (and others) produced enduring masterpieces, international law was born, and Spain was now writing its own cultural history.

In 1808, shortly after Louis XVI was guillotined in France, Napoleon's troops crossed the Pyrenees into Spain. The Spanish people resisted and after a five-year war of independence, French forces were finally expelled, and the Spanish throne restored.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Spain Trivia

What are the Ethnic Groups in Spain?

Romanians, Ecuadorians, and Moroccans are three of the biggest ethnic minorities of Spain.

Largest Ethnic Minorities In Spain

What is an Autonomous Government?

Autonomy refers to the capacity and right of a country or other jurisdiction to govern itself. The term, autonomous comes from the Greek word, autonomous meaning auto - “self” and nomos - “law” respectively. In political, moral, and bioethical philosophy, it is explained as the capability of an entity to make an informed, unforced decision.

What Is An Autonomous Government?

Who Was the First Prime Minister of Spain?

The first prime minister of Spain was Adolfa Suárez, who was in office between 1976 and 1981.

Prime Minsters Of Spain

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Europe