1. World Map /
  2. Europe/
  3. Bulgaria/
  4. Bulgaria Geography

Bulgaria Geography

Bulgaria's Information

Flag of Bulgaria
Land Area 108,489 km2
Water Area 2,390 km2
Total Area 110,879km2 (#103)
Population 7,144,653 (#101)
Population Density 65.86/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $143.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $20,100
Currency Lev (BGN)
More Information Bulgaria
Largest Cities

Noted for its diversity, Bulgaria's landscape ranges from mountainous peaks covered in snow to valleys and lowlands giving way to the coast of the Black Sea.

The Balkan Mountains cut across the central part of the country, while the Rhodope Mountains run through southern Bulgaria, along its border with Greece.

The highest point in the country, located in the Rila Mountains, is Musala Mt., at 9,594 ft. (2,925 m).

Moving on north of the Balkan Mountains the fertile lowlands of the Danubian Plain slope gradually down to the Danube River.

The south-eastern lowlands (Maritsa Basin), drained by a series of small rivers, slope to the Black Sea.

Major rivers include the Danube River, as it forms the northern border with Romania, and the Iskur, Maritsa, Struma, Tundzha and Yantra rivers.

Bulgaria Trivia

What is the Currency of Bulgaria?

The official currency of Bulgaria is the Bulgarian lev.

What is the Currency of Bulgaria?

What Languages Are Spoken In Bulgaria?

Bulgarian, an Indo-European language is the official language of Bulgaria and is spoken by a majority of the country’s population. The two main minority languages spoken in Bulgaria are Turkish and Romani. A number of foreign languages are spoken in Bulgaria. Russian is the most commonly spoken foreign language in the country. 35% of the country’s population claim to possess a workable knowledge of this language. English is the second most common foreign language in Bulgaria and is spoken by about 23% of Bulgarians. Italian and Spanish (12%) and French (9%) are the other popular foreign languages spoken in the country.

Languages Spoken In Bulgaria

Which Is The Most Populous City In Bulgaria?

With a population of over 1.2 million, Sofia is Bulgaria's most populous city. It is also the country’s capital city. Sofia is located in the Sofia Valley where it is surrounded by the Vitosha and Balkan mountains.

What are the Biggest Cities in Bulgaria?

What is the Largest National Park in Bulgaria?

The largest national park in Bulgaria is Rila National Park, with an area of 810.46 square km.

National Parks of Bulgaria

What Is The Culture Of Bulgaria?

Bulgaria has a rich heritage and culture reflected in its cuisine, literature and graphic arts, performance arts, and sports.

The Culture Of Bulgaria

What is the tallest mountain in Bulgaria?

Musala in southwestern Bulgaria is the highest peak in the Balkans with an elevation of 9,596 feet above sea level

The Tallest Mountains In Bulgaria

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Europe