|Land Area||16,377,742 km2|
|Water Area||720,500 km2|
|Total Area||17,098,242km2 (#1)|
|Government Type||Semi-presidential Federation|
|GDP (PPP)||$3,750.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$26,100|
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- (1200sBC) Cimmerians, (Balkan people), settled in present-day Ukraine
- (700sBC) Scythians, (Iranian people) conquered the Cimmerians
- (200BC) Samaritans conquered the Scythians, introduced Greek and Roman influence
- (200) German Visigoths conquered the area
- (370) Huns, led by Attila, took control
- (800s) Eastern Slavs settled in various areas of Russia
- (862) Region became known as the Land of the Rus
- (882) Kiev became the capital
- (1237) Mongols, led by Batu Khan, invaded Russia, set fire to Moscow, slaughtered, enslaved inhabitants
- (1237 - 1480) Mongols ruled Russia
- (1328) Prince of Moscow, Ivan I, appointed grand prince by the Mongols
- (1341) Ivan I died, succeeded by son Simeon
- (1353) Simeon died, succeeded by Ivan II
- (1359) Ivan II of Moscow died, was succeeded by nine-year old Dmitrii
- (1462) Ivan III became ruler of Moscow, reorganized it as an absolutist state
- (1480) Ivan III freed Russia from the Mongols
- (1480) Ivan III of Moscow assumed title of Tsar of Russia
- (1497) Ivan issued new legal code, Sudebnik, standardized laws, expanded criminal justice system, reduced the ability of serfs to leave their masters.
- (1505) Ivan died, his son Vasili III took control
- (1532) Vasili III conquered Tatar kingdom of Kazan
- (1533) Vasili III died, son Ivan IV, (The Terrible), succeeded him; Vasili's wife, Elena Glinskaya, became regent
- (1547) Ivan IV crowned first tsar of Russia
- (1552) Ivan IV began conquest of Kazan, Tatarstan and Astrakhan in the Volga delta
- (1552) Kazan, capital of Tatarstan, conquered by Ivan IV
- (1582) Russia ceded Livonia and Estonia to Poland, lost access to Baltic Sea
- (1584) Ivan IV died of mercury poison, throne fell to son Feodor I, who was mentally retarded; son-in-law Boris Godunov took de facto charge of government
- (1598) Feodor I died, Godunov was elected the first non-Rurikid tsar
- (1601) Famine killed more than one million people
- (1605) Boris Godunov was killed; his son Feodor II was pronounced tsar
- (1605) Feodor and his mother were killed, impostor False Dmitriy I was crowned tsar
- (1610) Sweden helped Russia defeat Tushino rebels; Poland invaded Russia to counter Sweden's intervention
- (1613) Michael Romanov elected as tsar by national council beginning the Romanov dynasty
- (1624) Peasants rebelled in Ukraine against Polish rule
- (1648) Townspeople in Moscow revolted when tax on salt was introduced
- (1654) Nobles and landowners declared secession of Ukraine from Poland-Lithuania, demanded integration into Russia
- (1654) Russia declared war on Poland, captured Minsk and Vilna
- (1655) Sweden invaded Poland-Lithuania, millions died
- (1687) Russia and Poland signed treaty of "eternal peace"
- (1689) Peter the Great became tsar
- (1689 - 1725) Peter the Great introduced new reforms, including creation of regular conscript army and navy, subordinated the church to himself, created new government structures, laid foundation for the Russian Empire
- (1700 - 1721) Great Northern War - Conflict in which a coalition led by Russia to contest supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe
- (1713) Capitol moved from Russia to Saint Petersburg
- (1721) Treaty of Nystad ended Great Northern War; Sweden ceded Estonia, Livonia, Ingria to Russia
- (1735 - 1739) Russo-Turkish War fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire
- (1739) Russo-Turkish War ended with Treaty of Nissa; Russia ceded claims on Crimea and Moldavia, its navy was barred from the Black Sea
- (1745) England, Austria, Saxony and the Netherlands formed alliance against Russia
- (1756 - 1763) Seven Years War - France, Great Britain clashed in Europe and North America; France, Russia, Austria, Saxony, Sweden and Spain sided against Great Britain, Prussia and Hanover
- (1762) Treaty of Saint Petersburg ended Russian participation in Seven Years War
- (1762) Tsar Peter III overthrown by Imperial Guard, replaced by his wife, Catherine II
- (1772 - 1814) Russia acquired Crimea along with parts of Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia
- (1796) Catherine II died, son Paul I took over the throne
About the AuthorJohn Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.
Russia republics, administrative territories, administrative regions, autonomous districts, 0, autonomous cities & their capitals
What are the Largest Ethnic Groups in Russia?
The majority ethnic group in Russia is ethnic Russia, with Tatars and Ukrainians being the largest minorities.
Largest Ethnic Groups In Russia
Where is the Volga River?
The Volga River flows for 2,266 miles across large spans of the Russian Federation.
The Volga River
What is an Autonomous Government?
Autonomy refers to the capacity and right of a country or other jurisdiction to govern itself. The term, autonomous comes from the Greek word, autonomous meaning auto - “self” and nomos - “law” respectively. In political, moral, and bioethical philosophy, it is explained as the capability of an entity to make an informed, unforced decision.
What Is An Autonomous Government?
What is a Puppet Government?
A "puppet state" is a government that has little will of its own, as it needs financial backing or military support. Thus, it acts an a subordinate to another power in exchange for its own survival. The puppet government still holds its own facade of an identity, perpetuated by retaining its own flag, name, national anthem, law, and constitution. However, these type of governments are not considered as legitimate according to international law.
What Is A Puppet Government?
What was the Holodomor?
The Holodomor was an act of genocide against the Ukrainian peasantry that was carried out by Stalin and the Soviet Union from 1932-33.
What Was The Holodomor?
What is a command economy?
Command Economy refers to economic activity that is controlled by a central authority and means of production are publicly owned. A command economy features the government in all the financial decisions and implementation in a country. Some countries with this type of economy include the communist states of Cuba and North Korea.