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Geography Statistics of India

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India's Quick Facts

Land Area 2,973,193 km2
Water Area 314,070 km2
Total Area 3,287,263 km2
Population 1,266,883,598
Population Density 385.39 / km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $8.72 Trillion
GDP Per Capita $6,700
Currency Rupee (INR)
Largest Cities
  • Delhi (30,290,936)
  • Mumbai (Bombay) (20,411,274)
  • Kolkata (Calcutta) (14,850,066)
  • Bangalore (12,326,532)
  • Chennai (Madras) (10,971,108)
  • Hyderabad (10,004,144)
  • Ahmadabad (8,059,441)
  • Surat (7,184,590)
  • Pune (Poona) (6,629,347)
  • Jaipur (3,909,333)
  • Coastline: 4,349 miles (7,000 km)
  • Land Area:
    (land) 1,147,950 sq miles (2,973,193 sq km)
    (water) 121,262 sq miles (314,070 sq km)
    (TOTAL) 1,269,212 sq miles (3,287,263 sq km)

    To convert sq km (kilometers) to sq mi (miles)
    use our converter
  • Land Area: (all countries)
  • Land Divisions: 28 states, including Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab and Rajasthan.

    In addition, there are 7 union territories; including Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman, Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep and Pondicherry.
  • Horizontal Width: 1,010.32 miles (1,625.95 km) from Ahmadabad east to Kolkata (Calcutta)
  • Vertical Length: 1,522.7 miles (2,450.55 km) from Amritsar south to Kochi

    Note: Lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line measurements from a Mercator map projection, and will vary some using other map projections
  • Bordering Countries: (6) Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma (Myanmar), China, Nepal, Pakistan
  • Geographic Center: About 33.64 miles (54.13 km) east of Bhopal
  • Highest Point: Kanchenjunga 28,208 ft (8,598 m)
  • Lowest Point: Indian Ocean 0m
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Relative Location

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