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Sudan Geography

Sudan's Information

Flag of Sudan
Land Area 1,861,484 km2
Total Area 1,861,484km2 (#15)
Population 36,729,501 (#37)
Population Density 19.73/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $176.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $4,500
Currency Pound (SDG)
Largest Cities

The landscape of Sudan consists mainly of flat plains punctuated by several mountain ranges.

The Marrah Mountains, which contain the highest point of the country, Deriba Caldera at 9,980 ft (3,042 m), are located on the western edge of the country, and the Red Sea Hills are located on the northeastern edge.

The Deriba Caldera (Deriba Crater) is located in Darfur, and became the highest point of Sudan after South Sudan achieved independence from the country. The crater measures between 3-4 miles (5-8 km) in diameter from the outer edges, and is filled with water.

Significant rivers of Sudan include the White Nile and Blue Nile, which join together in Khartoum to form the River Nile, that runs straight through Egypt and drains into the Mediterranean Sea.

The Dinder and Rahad Rivers are tributaries of the Blue Nile - whose course winds through Sudan at a length of nearly 497 miles (800 km). Within the country, the White Nile contains no significant tributaries.

The lowest point of the country is the Red Sea (0 m).

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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