The East African country of Eritrea occupies an area of 117,600 sq. km with a coastline on the Red Sea to the east and northeast.
As observed on the physical map above, one of the most notable physical features of Eritrea is the central highlands region which runs on a north-south axis through the middle of the country. It hosts the highest point of Eritrea, Mount Soira, at 3,013 m marked on the map with an upright yellow triangle.
The highlands give way to the coastal plain to the east and end in eroded hills to the north.
To the south, the coastal plain widens to include the Afar Depression or the Danakil Plain which has the Kobar Sink, a depression that lies 90 m below sea level. It is the lowest point in the country.
To the west, the central highlands lead to irregular plains that slope down to the border with Sudan. Savanna vegetation cover this part of the country.
A few rivers like the Gash, Tekeze, Baraka, and Anseba are some of the rivers draining the country.
The Dahlak Archipelago can also be observed on the map above. It is a group of coral islands off the coast of mainland Eritrea in the Red Sea.
Eritrea is divided into six administrative divisions called regions. These are: Anseba, Debub (South), Debubawi K'eyih Bahri (Southern Red Sea), Gash Barka, Ma'akel (Central), and Semenawi K'eyih Bahri (Northern Red Sea). They are further subdivided into sub-regions.
Debub is the most populous of these regions of Eritrea. The national capital of Asmara is located in the Ma'akel (Central) Region.
Eritrea is an Eastern African country located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Three countries border Eritrea. These are Ethiopia, Sudan, and Djibouti to the south, west, and southeast respectively. Eritrea has an extensive coastline on the Red Sea to the north and east.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||State of Eritrea|
|Capital City||Asmara (Asmera)|
|15 20 N, 38 56 E|
|Independence||24 May 1993 (from Ethiopia)|
|Total Area||117,600.00 km2|
|Land Area||101,000.00 km2|
|Water Area||16,600.00 km2|
|Total Border||1,840.0 km|
|Bordering Countries||Djibouti 125 km, Ethiopia 1033 km, Sudan 682 km|
|Climate||Hot, dry desert strip along red sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest june to september); semiarid in western hills and lowlands|
|Coordinates||15 00 N, 39 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||853 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-75 m|
|near Kulul within the Danakil Depression|
|Highest Elevation||3,018 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera) 5% (2010 est.)|
|Languages||Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages|
|Religions||Sunni Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant|
|GDP Per Capita||$642.51|
|Exports||Gold and other minerals, livestock, sorghum, textiles, food, small industry manufactures|
This page was last updated on October 11, 2020