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Maps of Eritrea

Physical Map of Eritrea with state boundaries, relief, extreme points, offshore islands, and important cities.

The East African country of Eritrea occupies an area of 117,600 sq. km with a coastline on the Red Sea to the east and northeast.

As observed on the physical map above, one of the most notable physical features of Eritrea is the central highlands region which runs on a north-south axis through the middle of the country. It hosts the highest point of Eritrea, Mount Soira, at 3,013 m marked on the map with an upright yellow triangle.

The highlands give way to the coastal plain to the east and end in eroded hills to the north. 

To the south, the coastal plain widens to include the Afar Depression or the Danakil Plain which has the Kobar Sink, a depression that lies 90 m below sea level. It is the lowest point in the country. 

To the west, the central highlands lead to irregular plains that slope down to the border with Sudan. Savanna vegetation cover this part of the country.

A few rivers like the Gash, Tekeze, Baraka, and Anseba are some of the rivers draining the country.

The Dahlak Archipelago can also be observed on the map above. It is a group of coral islands off the coast of mainland Eritrea in the Red Sea. 

Regions of Eritrea Map

Political Map of Eritrea showing the six regions, their capitals including the national capital of Asmara.

Eritrea is divided into six administrative divisions called regions. These are: Anseba, Debub (South), Debubawi K'eyih Bahri (Southern Red Sea), Gash Barka, Ma'akel (Central), and Semenawi K'eyih Bahri (Northern Red Sea). They are further subdivided into sub-regions. 

Debub is the most populous of these regions of Eritrea. The national capital of Asmara is located in the Ma'akel (Central) Region.

Where is Eritrea?

Map showing location of Eritrea in the world.

Eritrea is an Eastern African country located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Three countries border Eritrea. These are Ethiopia, Sudan, and Djibouti to the south, west, and southeast respectively. Eritrea has an extensive coastline on the Red Sea to the north and east. 

Eritrea Bordering Countries: Ethiopia, The Sudan, Djibouti.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Eritrea

Blank Outline Map of Eritrea

The blank outline map represents the African country of Eritrea. The map can be downloaded for free, printed, and used for coloring or map-pointing activities.

Outline Map of Eritrea

The outline map shows the country of Eritrea in East Africa. 

Key Facts

Legal Name State of Eritrea
Capital City Asmara (Asmera)
15 20 N, 38 56 E
Independence 24 May 1993 (from Ethiopia)


Total Area 117,600.00 km2
Land Area 101,000.00 km2
Water Area 16,600.00 km2
Total Border 1,840.0 km
Coastline 2,234.0 km
Bordering Countries Djibouti 125 km, Ethiopia 1033 km, Sudan 682 km
Climate Hot, dry desert strip along red sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest june to september); semiarid in western hills and lowlands
Coordinates 15 00 N, 39 00 E
Mean Elevation 853 m
Lowest Elevation -75 m
near Kulul within the Danakil Depression
Highest Elevation 3,018 m


Population 3,213,972
Largest City

Asmara (962,985)

Ethnic Groups Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera) 5% (2010 est.)
Languages Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
Religions Sunni Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant


Currency nakfa (ERN)
GDP $2.07 Billion
GDP Per Capita $642.51
Exports Gold and other minerals, livestock, sorghum, textiles, food, small industry manufactures

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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