1. World Map /
  2. Africa/
  3. Niger/
  4. Niger Timeline

Niger History Timeline

Niger's Information

Flag of Niger
Land Area 1,266,700 km2
Water Area 300 km2
Total Area 1,267,000km2 (#21)
Population 18,638,600 (#60)
Population Density 14.71/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $20.15 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,100
Currency Franc (XOF)
Largest Cities

1800s - 1900s

  • (1890) France occupied the region of Niger
  • (1922) Niger became a French colony
  • (1958) Niger became an autonomous state within the French Community
  • (1960) Niger declared independence with Hamani Diori as president
  • (1968-1973) Livestock and crop production devastated by a severe drought
  • (1974) A combination of devastating drought conditions and accusations of rampant corruption resulted in Diori being overthrown by Lt. Colonel Seyni Kountche
  • (1987) Ali Seybou named president following the death of Kountche
  • (1989) A new constitution was introduced transitioning Niger back to civilian rule under a one-party system; Seybou was re-elected president
  • (1990) Opposition parties were legalized following an uprising
  • (1990) Tuareg Rebellion began in the northern region
  • (1991) Seybou was stripped of his powers following a constitutional conference; a transitional government was set up and led by Andre Salifou
  • (1992) A new constitution allowing for multi-party elections was introduced
  • (1993) Mahamane Ousmane was elected president
  • (1995) A ceasefire between the government and Tuarge's Revolutionary Armed Forces was passed
  • (1996) Ousmane was overthrown in a coup led by Col. Ibrahim Mainassara; a new constitution was introduced granting the president an increase in powers
  • (1997) A peace accord was signed between the Tuaregs and Nigerien government
  • (1999) Mainassara was assassinated; a new constitution was issued restoring the balance between branches of power
  • (1999) Mamadou Tandja was elected president

2000s
  • (2001) Hunting of wildlife banned in an effort to save the lion, giraffe, and hippo populations
  • (2002) A mutiny of soldiers occurred in the capital and eastern region of the country
  • (2004) Tandja was re-elected
  • (2006) A national strike was waged amongst union members protesting the high cost of living
  • (2007) A series of deadly attacks were carried out by Tuareg rebels
  • (2008) 110 million-year-old fossils of two previously unknown dinosaurs were discovered in the desert region
  • (2009) A referendum endorsed new constitution granted President Tandja three more years along with a broader range of powers
  • (2010) Tandja was ousted and Col. Salou Djibo was named head of the new military government; The African Union suspended Niger's membership
  • (2011) Mahamadou Issoufou was elected president
  • (2013) The historical city of Agadez was awarded World Heritage status by UNESCO
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Africa