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Mali History Timeline

Mali's Information

Flag of Mali
Land Area 1,220,190 km2
Water Area 20,002 km2
Total Area 1,240,192km2 (#23)
Population 17,467,108 (#64)
Population Density 14.32/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $38.09 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,300
Currency Franc (XOF)
Largest Cities
1000s AD - 1800s
  • (1000s) The Empire of Mali grew to become the dominant force in the upper Niger basin
  • (1235) King Sundiata ushered in a period of greatness for Mali
  • (1312) Mali continued to peak under the ruling of Mansa Musa
  • (1400) The Empire of Mali began to decline and was replaced by the Songhai Empire
  • (1591) The Songhai Empire collapsed after being invaded by Morocco, marking the end of the region's role as a trading crossroads
  • (1680) The region experienced one of the worst famines in recorded history
  • (1738-1756) The greatest subsistence crisis of West Africa occurred as a result of drought and locusts, nearly half the population of Timbuktu was killed
  • (1898) France conquered Mali
  • (1960) Mali gained independence as a one-party, socialist state with Modibo Keita as president
  • (1968) Keita was ousted in a coup led by Lt. Moussa Traore
  • (1977) Protests were sparked by the death of Keita in prison
  • (1979) Elections were held under a new constitution, Traore was re-elected
  • (1991) Traore was deposed of in a coup and was replaced by a transitional committee
  • (1992) Multi-party elections were held and resulted in Alpha Konare becoming Mali's first democratically-elected president
  • (1995) Thousands of refugees returned following a peace agreement with Tuareg tribes
  • (1999) Moussa Traore was sentenced to death on corruption charges (his sentence was later reduced to life imprisonment by President Konare)
  • (2001) The Manantali dam produced its first megawatt of hydro-electricity, 13 years after completion
  • (2002) Amadou Toumani Toure was elected president; the government resigned with no public explanation and a new "government of national unity" was unveiled
  • (2003) At least 10 people were killed after clashes occurred between rival Muslim groups
  • (2004) A severe locust plague cut the cereal harvest nearly in half
  • (2006) A peace deal was signed with Tuareg rebels seeking greater autonomy for the northern desert region
  • (2007) President Toure was re-elected
  • (2008) Tuareg rebels killed 17 soldiers in an attack on an army post in the northeast, in spite of a ceasefire agreement
  • (2009) The Mali government gained control of the most active Tuareg bases; 700 rebels surrendered their weapons in a ceremony marking their return to the peace process
  • (2009) Military equipment was sent to Mali from Algeria in preparation for a joint operation against Islamic militants linked to al-Qaeda
  • (2010) A joint command to tackle the threat of terrorism was established by Mali, Algeria, Mauritania, and Niger
  • (2012) President Toure was deposed of by military officers and accused of failing to effectively deal with the Tuareg rebellion; Mali was suspended by the African Union; Tuareg rebels seized control of northern Mali and claimed independence
  • (2012) Order was transferred from the military to a civilian interim government led by President Dioncounda Traore; the military regained control after an alleged coup attempt by oppositional supporters
  • (2012) The Taureg MNLA and Islamist Ansar Dine groups merged together and declared northern Mali to be an Islamic state
  • (2013) France intervened after the central town of Konna was captured by Islamist fighters; Kidal, Gao, and Timbuktu were reclaimed by Mali; a peace deal was signed between the Mali government and Tuareg nationalist rebels
  • (2013) Ibrahim Boubacar Keita was elected president
  • (2014) Moussa Mara was appointed prime minister in an effort to stabilize the northern region; separatists seized control of Kidal, Menaka, Agelhok, Anefis, and Tessalit after the truce between Tuareg rebels and the Mali government broke down
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Mali Trivia

What are the largest ethnic groups in Mali?

The Bambara are the largest ethnic group in the country making up about 36.5% of the total population in the country. Fulani makes up about 15% of the population and Sarakole 11%. Other ethnic groups include Senufo, Dogon, and Malinke.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Mali

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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