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Ethiopia Geography

Ethiopia's Information

Flag of Ethiopia
Land Area 1,000,000 km2
Water Area 104,300 km2
Total Area 1,104,300km2 (#26)
Population 102,374,044 (#13)
Population Density 102.37/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $175.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,900
Currency Birr (ETB)
Largest Cities

A major portion of Ethiopia lies on the Horn of Africa, which is the easternmost part of the African landmass.

Its topography ranges from deserts along its eastern border, the Choke and Mandebo mountains ranges in its central core, and tropical forests in the southern reaches.

Ethiopia is dominated by a vast highland complex of mountains, plateaus and lakes, all divided by the Great Rift Valley that's surrounded by lowlands and steppes.

Not to be missed are the toothy-edged Simien Mountains to the northeast of Gonder, one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites, and the hot and fascinating sulphur fumaroles and lunar-like landscape in the Danakil Depression near its border with Eritrea.

Lake Tana in the north is the source of the Blue Nile.

The highest point of Ethiopia is Ras Dejen at 14,928 ft (4,550 m); the lowest point of the country is the Afar Depression at −410 ft (-125 m).

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Ethiopia Trivia

What is the Major Ethnic Group of Ethiopia?

The Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, with a total population of around 34 million people.

Ethnic Groups Of Ethiopia

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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