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Maps of Somalia

Phyiscal Map of Somalia with state boundaries. It shows the physical features of Somalia including terrain, mountain ranges, rivers, and major cities. worldatlas.com worldatlas.com djibouti djibouti ethiopia kenya equator large somalia map indian ocean gulf of aden eritrea

Located in the Horn of Africa, Somalia occupies an area of 637,657 sq. km.  As observed on the physical map above, the terrain of the country features plains, plateaus, and highlands. 

A large part of the Somali peninsula is a tableland. To the extreme north, a narrow semidesert coastal plain that varies in width from around 12 km in the west to only 2 km in the east, borders the Gulf of Aden. It is called Guban. Beyond this plain is the maritime mountain range of the Karkaar Mountains (marked on the map) hosting the highest point in the country, the 2,460 m tall Mount Shimbiris. The range extends from the country's border with Ethiopia in the west up to the tip of the Horn of Africa.

Southwards are broad plateau lands lacking perennial rivers that gradually drop in elevation to the east towards the Indian Ocean. 

Alluvial plains are located further south and separated from the southern coast by a massive belt of ancient sand dunes that extend from Kismaayoto to Hobyo. 

Most of the plateaus of Somalia are dissected by deep river valleys that have rivers flowing in the wet season but remain dry at other times of the year. These rivers drain into the Indian Ocean. The only perennial rivers of the country are the Jubba and the Shabeelle to the south of the country. Both have been marked on the map. 

States of Somalia Map

Political Map of Somalia showing the eighteen regions of the country, their capitals, and the national capital of Mogadishu.

The ongoing Civil War in Somalia has resulted in the country going through great turmoil. As such, the political divisions of the country have gone through several changes in recent times and possibly will undergo further changes in the future until the war dies down and a permanent solution is devised. 

As of 2016, the Republic of Somalia was made up of the five federal member states of Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubaland, Puntland, and South West. 

These states are divided into eighteen administrative divisions called regions or gobolka as shown in the map above. In alphabetical order, these are Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Jubba), Jubbada Hoose (Lower Jubba), Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe (Middle Shabeelle), Shabeellaha Hoose (Lower Shabeelle), Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed. 

These regions are further subdivided into districts.

Mogadishu is the capital of Somalia and is located in the Banaadir Region of the country.

Where is Somalia?

Map showing location of Somalia in the world. Europe Middle East Africa Somalia Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian worldatlas.com worldatlas.com Tropic of Cancer

Somalia is an African country located in the Horn of Africa (a peninsula forming the easternmost projection of Africa). The Equator passes through southern Somalia. So while most of Somalia lies in the Northern Hemisphere, a small part stretches into the Southern Hemisphere. Longitudinally, Somalia is located entirely in the Eastern Hemisphere.

It has land borders with only two countries; Kenya to the southwest and Ethiopia to the west. The Gulf of Aden forms Somalia's northern borders and the Somali Sea and Guardafui Channel bound it to the east.

Somalia Bordering Countries: Kenya, Ethiopia.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of Somalia

Blank Outline Map of Somalia

The blank outline map respresents mainland Somalia. The country also has several oceanic islands which cannot be observed on this map.The country is said to be shaped like a tilted number seven. The above map can be downloaded for free, and used for educational purposes like map-pointing activities.

Outline Map of Somalia

The outline map represents the mainland territory of Somalia. Its shape appears like a tilted number 7. Somalia also has several oceanic islands.

Key Facts

Legal Name Federal Republic of Somalia
Capital City Mogadishu
2 04 N, 45 20 E
Independence 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic)

Geography

Total Area 637,657.00 km2
Land Area 627,337.00 km2
Water Area 10,320.00 km2
Total Border 2,385.0 km
Coastline 3,025.0 km
Bordering Countries Djibouti 61 km, Ethiopia 1640 km, Kenya 684 km
Climate Principally desert; northeast monsoon (december to february), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (may to october), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Coordinates 10 00 N, 49 00 E
Mean Elevation 410 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Indian Ocean
Highest Elevation 2,416 m
Shimbiris

Demographics

Population 15,442,905
Major Cities
  1. Muqdisho (Mogadishu) (2,282,009)
  2. Hargeysa (988,716)
  3. Merca (666,370)
  4. Berbera (499,396)
  5. Kismaayo (471,134)
Ethnic Groups Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
Languages Somali (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Arabic (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
Religions Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter)

Economy

Currency Somali shillings (SOS)
Exports Livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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