Djibouti is an East African country with an area of 23,200 sq. km. As observed on the map, most of the country is a desert wasteland. From the narrow coastal plain of the country to the north, the land gradually rises in elevation to form a series of mountains. Some of these like the Mabla Mountains and Goda Mountains have been marked on the map. The highest peak of the country marked on the map with an upright yellow triangle is the 2,063 m high stratovolcano of Mousa Ali to the northeast.
Central and south Djibouti is covered by a stony desert and scattered volcanic plateaus crisscrossed by deep, time-worn troughs, some with shallow salt water lakes.
The lowest point of the country is Lake Assal at 155 m. Lake Assal, also the lowest point of Africa, is located in central-eastern Djibouti and is a crater lake whose salinity levels are 10x that of the sea. Lake Assal is one of the most saline bodies of water, after Don Juan Pond, and is the world's largest salt reserve.
Another important lake, Lake Abbe, can be observed on the map on the southwestern border of Djibouti with Ethiopia. No permanent rivers flow in the country but some rivers flowing underground are known.
Djibouti is divided into 6 regions. These are Ali Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, and Tadjourah. These regions are further subdivided into 20 administrative districts.
With an area of 7,100 sq. km, Tadjourah is the largest region by area. Djibouti Region is the smallest by area and the most populous one. Djibouti is the capital city of the country.
Djibouti is an East African country located in the Horn of Africa in the Northern and the Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Three countries border Djibouti. These are Eritrea to the north, Somalia to the south, and Ethiopia to the south and west. The country also has coastlines on the Red Sea and the Gulf of Eden to the east.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Djibouti|
|11 35 N, 43 09 E|
|Independence||27 June 1977 (from France)|
|Total Area||23,200 km2|
|Land Area||23,180 km2|
|Water Area||20 km2|
|Total Border||528 km|
|Bordering Countries||Eritrea 125 km, Ethiopia 342 km, Somalia 61 km|
|Climate||Desert; torrid, dry|
|Coordinates||11 30 N, 43 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||430 m|
|Lowest Elevation||-155 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,021 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (mostly Yemeni Arab, also French, Ethiopian, and Italian)|
|Languages||French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar|
|Religions||Sunni Muslim 94% (nearly all Djiboutians), Christian 6% (mainly foreign-born residents)|
|Currency||Djiboutian francs (DJF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$3,408.85|
|Exports||Reexports, hides and skins, scrap metal|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020