1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso History Timeline

Map of Burkina Faso benin togo cote d'ivoire mali mali niger mali sahel worldatlas.com
Locator Map of Burkina Faso Europe Middle East Africa Burkina Faso Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian graphicmaps.com worldatlas.com Tropic of Cancer

Burkina Faso's Information

Flag of Burkina Faso
Land Area 273,800 km2
Water Area 400 km2
Total Area 274,200 km2
Population 19,512,533
Population Density 71.16 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $32.99 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,800
Currency Franc (XOF)
More Information Maps of Burkina Faso
Largest Cities
  • Ouagadougou (1,086,505)
  • Bobo-Dioulasso (360,106)
  • Koudougou (87,347)
  • Ouahigouya (61,096)
  • Banfora (60,288)
  • Dedougou (45,341)
  • Kaya (39,229)
  • Dori (37,806)
  • Tenkodogo (37,658)
  • Reo (37,535)

1000 - 1400

  • (1000s) Mossi Kingdom became dominant
  • (1300s) Islam was introduced
  • (1450s) Capital built at Ouagudougou by Mossi Kingdom
1700 - 1800
  • (1710 - 1895) Muslim rulers led Kong Empire, included Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast
  • (1895) Mossi kingdom of Ouagadougou defeated by French colonial forces
  • (1896) Burkina Faso became French protectorate
1900s
  • (1904) Territories of the Volta Basin became part of French West African colonial empire
  • (1915 - 1916) In Volta-Bani War, indigenous African army fought French Army; French Army defeated insurgents, executed leaders
  • (1919) Upper Volta became separate constituent territory of French West Africa
  • (1919) Colonial government separated present territory of Burkina Faso from Upper Senegal and Niger, named it Haute Volta; Francois Charles Alexis Edouard Hesling became first governor
  • (1932) Colony was dismantled, divided between Cote d'Ivoire, French Sudan, Niger
  • (1947) Colony was revived with its original boundaries, as part of French Union
  • (1958) Upper Volta granted internal self-government, became Republic of Upper Volta
  • (1960) Upper Volta gained independence from France; Maurice Yameogo became first president
  • (1965) Maurice Yameogo elected to second term
  • (1966) Mass demonstrations and strikes by students, labor unions, and civil servants were held, military was forced to intervene
  • (1966) Military deposed President Yameogo, suspended constitution, dissolved National Assembly, placed Lt. Col Sangoule Lamizana as head of government of senior army officers
  • (1968) Major drought severely impacted economy, agriculture, livestock and human population
  • (1970) New constitution in national referendum established four-year transition period toward civilian rule, allowed Lamizana to remain as head of government until a president was elected
  • (1970) Gerard Ouedraogo appointed prime minister
  • (1974) President Lamizana ousted Prime Minister Ouedraogo, dissolved Parliament, returned power to military government
  • (1975) Economic Community of West African States formed, Burkina Faso one of 15 members
  • (1977) New constitution written and approved, called for multi-party democracy, allowed Lamizana to remain in office
  • (1978) Lamizana reelected as president in open election
  • (1980) Lamizana ousted in military coup led by Saye Zerbo, eradicated 1977 constitution
  • (1982) Following industrial unrest, Saye Zerbo ousted in military coup led by Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo
  • (1983) Thomas Sankara appointed prime minister
  • (1983) In internal political struggle, Thomas Sankara took power from Ouedraogo, formed National Council for the Revolution, established himself as president
  • (1984) Upper Volta renamed Burkina Faso
  • (1987) Thomas Sankara assassinated in military coup led by Captain Blaise Compaore who took over power
  • (1990) Blaise Compaore introduced democratic and constitutional reforms
  • (1991) Compaore elected president without opposition
  • (1992) Popular Democracy-Labour Movement won majority of seats in first multi-party parliamentary elections since 1978
  • (1996) 4,000 died in meningitis outbreak
  • (1997) Burkina Faso suffered severe drought
  • (1998) Campaore reelected president by a landslide
  • (1998) David Ouedraogo, chauffeur for President Campaore's brother, Francois, died from torture injuries caused by two of the President's bodyguards
  • (1998) Publisher and editor of l'Independant, Norbert Zongo, was assassinated
  • (1999) Inquiry into death of Zongo concluded he was killed for political reasons
  • (1999) General strike held over economic grievances and human rights violations
  • (1999) Mining company Soremib announced closure of country's largest gold mine
2000s
  • (2000) Two of President Campaore's bodyguards were convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison for murder of David Ouedraogo
  • (2000) Constitution was amended to allow president to serve two terms
  • (2000) U.S. and British diplomats accused President Compaore and President Taylor of Liberia of trading arms for diamonds, aiding rebels in Sierra Leone
  • (2000) Government agreed to allow UN-run organization to monitor weapons imports
  • (2001) Meningitis outbreak killed 3,500
  • (2001) Thousands fled to Burkina Faso from Ivory Coast to escape attacks on foreigners
  • (2001) As part of Burkina Faso's first "National Pardon Day", President Compaore asked for forgiveness for abuses that occurred during his 13-year rule
  • (2002) W135 strain of meningitis from Middle East identified in Burkina Faso; 12,000 infected, 1,500 died
  • (2002) President Compaore increased power, threw out all nine opposition ministers from Cabinet, cut number of posts from 36 to 31
2000s continued
  • (2003) 12 people arrested for alleged coup plot against President Compaore
  • (2003) President Compaore demanded elimination of U.S. export subsidies on cotton
  • (2004) Military tribunal tried 13 people accused of plotting coup against President Compaore in 2003; Capt. Luther Quali jailed for ten years for his part
  • (2004) Canada began investing about $20 billion in Basic Education Plan into building schools across the country
  • (2005) President Compaore elected to third straight term
  • (2006) Another meningitis outbreak killed over 600
  • (2006) Regional economic summit in Burkina Faso postponed after deadly gun battles between soldiers and police in capital city
  • (2006) Nearly one-third of Burkina Faso's exports, mostly cotton, sent to China
  • (2007) Nearly 800 people died after meningitis epidemic spread from Burkina Faso to eight other west African countries
  • (2007) Burkina Faso and Taiwan renewed commitment to boost diplomatic ties
  • (2007) Ruling party won majority in parliamentary elections
  • (2008) Two-day general strike followed weeks of protests against high living costs, calls for wage increases; over 200 arrested
  • (2008) Heavy rains caused mudslide at illegal gold mine killing at least 31
  • (2008) First ladies from seven west African countries met in Ouagadougou for conference to end female circumcision
  • (2008) Collision between passenger bus and truck killed over 60 people
  • (2009) 53 million children targeted by mass immunization drive against polio in eight African countries, including Burkina Faso
  • (2009) Meeting of economy and finance ministers of 14 African countries, all using currency tied to French franc, called for boost in public spending
  • (2009) Parliament passed law requiring at least 30% of candidates put forward for election by political parties to be women
  • (2009) Five people were killed, 150,000 left homeless as heavy rainfall triggered flooding
  • (2010) Food crisis reached disastrous levels
  • (2010) Burkina Faso opened Bagre Dam's spillways during heavy rains, caused flooding in Ghana killing 17
  • (2010) President Compaore won reelection for fourth term as opposition was so divided that a unified campaign against him was not effective
  • (2010) Four of the seven candidates in presidential election claimed voting was rigged
  • (2010) France, U.S. issued travel warnings for Burkina Faso, citing possibility of kidnappings by al-Qaeda operatives
  • (2010) New gold mine opened, Premier Zongo said it would generate substantial revenue for the country
  • (2010) International Court of Justice was asked to resolve border dispute between Burkina Faso and Niger
  • (2011) Student died while in police custody, months of protests followed, left at least six dead; three policemen faced charges of aggravated assault related to the death
  • (2011) Soldiers, presidential guards stuck over unpaid allowances; thousands of people protested food prices
  • (2011) Police in Ouagadougou fired tear gas on thousands of angry merchants protesting a second night of looting by soldiers
  • (2011) Students burned ruling party headquarters, prime minister's house in Koudougou
  • (2011) President Compaore announced he would remain president, named himself defense minister
  • (2011) Police announced they would end strike
  • (2011) Over 1,000 people demonstrated in Ouagadougou demanding resignation of President Campaore
  • (2011) President Campaore named Luc Adolph Tiao, former ambassador to France, as new prime minister
  • (2011) Government forces suppressed mutiny in Bobo Dioulasso, seven killed
  • (2011) Luxembourg announced expenditure of large sum to help alleviate poverty in Burkina Faso
  • (2011) 26 merchants from Burkina Faso traveling to Lome, Togo were killed in bus crash
  • (2011) Thousands of students demonstrated, burned tires, in support of better conditions for teachers in Ouagadougou
  • (2011) Seven people killed when government forces suppressed mutiny in Bobo Dioulasso
  • (2012) Ousmane Guiro, head of Burkina Faso Customs Service, fired by President Campaore following seizure of nearly $4 million in two large suitcases traced to Mr. Guiro
  • (2012) President Campaore acted as mediator to Islamic crisis in Mali
  • (2012) Over 1,500 Malians found refuge in Burkina Faso after fleeing Tuareg rebellion and attacks in Bamako
  • (2012) Special forces from Burkina Faso flew into rebel-held territory in northern Mali, whisked Swiss hostage, Beatrice Stockly, to safety
  • (2012) UN Food Agency appealed to other nations to set up fund for food crisis in Sahel desert region, including Burkina Faso
  • (2012) Over 30 people killed in clashes over land rights on border between Burkina Faso and Mali
  • (2012) Thousands protested over steep increases of basic food items and fuel
  • (2013) Burkina Faso's team qualified for the first time for the Africa Cup of Nations finals

Latest by WorldAtlas