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Burkina Faso History Timeline

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Burkina Faso's Information

Flag of Burkina Faso
Land Area 273,800 km2
Water Area 400 km2
Total Area 274,200 km2
Population 19,512,533
Population Density 71.16 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $32.99 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,800
Currency Franc (XOF)
More Information Maps of Burkina Faso
Largest Cities
  • Ouagadougou (1,086,505)
  • Bobo-Dioulasso (360,106)
  • Koudougou (87,347)
  • Ouahigouya (61,096)
  • Banfora (60,288)
  • Dedougou (45,341)
  • Kaya (39,229)
  • Dori (37,806)
  • Tenkodogo (37,658)
  • Reo (37,535)

1000 - 1400

  • (1000s) Mossi Kingdom became dominant
  • (1300s) Islam was introduced
  • (1450s) Capital built at Ouagudougou by Mossi Kingdom
1700 - 1800
  • (1710 - 1895) Muslim rulers led Kong Empire, included Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast
  • (1895) Mossi kingdom of Ouagadougou defeated by French colonial forces
  • (1896) Burkina Faso became French protectorate
  • (1904) Territories of the Volta Basin became part of French West African colonial empire
  • (1915 - 1916) In Volta-Bani War, indigenous African army fought French Army; French Army defeated insurgents, executed leaders
  • (1919) Upper Volta became separate constituent territory of French West Africa
  • (1919) Colonial government separated present territory of Burkina Faso from Upper Senegal and Niger, named it Haute Volta; Francois Charles Alexis Edouard Hesling became first governor
  • (1932) Colony was dismantled, divided between Cote d'Ivoire, French Sudan, Niger
  • (1947) Colony was revived with its original boundaries, as part of French Union
  • (1958) Upper Volta granted internal self-government, became Republic of Upper Volta
  • (1960) Upper Volta gained independence from France; Maurice Yameogo became first president
  • (1965) Maurice Yameogo elected to second term
  • (1966) Mass demonstrations and strikes by students, labor unions, and civil servants were held, military was forced to intervene
  • (1966) Military deposed President Yameogo, suspended constitution, dissolved National Assembly, placed Lt. Col Sangoule Lamizana as head of government of senior army officers
  • (1968) Major drought severely impacted economy, agriculture, livestock and human population
  • (1970) New constitution in national referendum established four-year transition period toward civilian rule, allowed Lamizana to remain as head of government until a president was elected
  • (1970) Gerard Ouedraogo appointed prime minister
  • (1974) President Lamizana ousted Prime Minister Ouedraogo, dissolved Parliament, returned power to military government
  • (1975) Economic Community of West African States formed, Burkina Faso one of 15 members
  • (1977) New constitution written and approved, called for multi-party democracy, allowed Lamizana to remain in office
  • (1978) Lamizana reelected as president in open election
  • (1980) Lamizana ousted in military coup led by Saye Zerbo, eradicated 1977 constitution
  • (1982) Following industrial unrest, Saye Zerbo ousted in military coup led by Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo
  • (1983) Thomas Sankara appointed prime minister
  • (1983) In internal political struggle, Thomas Sankara took power from Ouedraogo, formed National Council for the Revolution, established himself as president
  • (1984) Upper Volta renamed Burkina Faso
  • (1987) Thomas Sankara assassinated in military coup led by Captain Blaise Compaore who took over power
  • (1990) Blaise Compaore introduced democratic and constitutional reforms
  • (1991) Compaore elected president without opposition
  • (1992) Popular Democracy-Labour Movement won majority of seats in first multi-party parliamentary elections since 1978
  • (1996) 4,000 died in meningitis outbreak
  • (1997) Burkina Faso suffered severe drought
  • (1998) Campaore reelected president by a landslide
  • (1998) David Ouedraogo, chauffeur for President Campaore's brother, Francois, died from torture injuries caused by two of the President's bodyguards
  • (1998) Publisher and editor of l'Independant, Norbert Zongo, was assassinated
  • (1999) Inquiry into death of Zongo concluded he was killed for political reasons
  • (1999) General strike held over economic grievances and human rights violations
  • (1999) Mining company Soremib announced closure of country's largest gold mine
  • (2000) Two of President Campaore's bodyguards were convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison for murder of David Ouedraogo
  • (2000) Constitution was amended to allow president to serve two terms
  • (2000) U.S. and British diplomats accused President Compaore and President Taylor of Liberia of trading arms for diamonds, aiding rebels in Sierra Leone
  • (2000) Government agreed to allow UN-run organization to monitor weapons imports
  • (2001) Meningitis outbreak killed 3,500
  • (2001) Thousands fled to Burkina Faso from Ivory Coast to escape attacks on foreigners
  • (2001) As part of Burkina Faso's first "National Pardon Day", President Compaore asked for forgiveness for abuses that occurred during his 13-year rule
  • (2002) W135 strain of meningitis from Middle East identified in Burkina Faso; 12,000 infected, 1,500 died
  • (2002) President Compaore increased power, threw out all nine opposition ministers from Cabinet, cut number of posts from 36 to 31
2000s continued
  • (2003) 12 people arrested for alleged coup plot against President Compaore
  • (2003) President Compaore demanded elimination of U.S. export subsidies on cotton
  • (2004) Military tribunal tried 13 people accused of plotting coup against President Compaore in 2003; Capt. Luther Quali jailed for ten years for his part
  • (2004) Canada began investing about $20 billion in Basic Education Plan into building schools across the country
  • (2005) President Compaore elected to third straight term
  • (2006) Another meningitis outbreak killed over 600
  • (2006) Regional economic summit in Burkina Faso postponed after deadly gun battles between soldiers and police in capital city
  • (2006) Nearly one-third of Burkina Faso's exports, mostly cotton, sent to China
  • (2007) Nearly 800 people died after meningitis epidemic spread from Burkina Faso to eight other west African countries
  • (2007) Burkina Faso and Taiwan renewed commitment to boost diplomatic ties
  • (2007) Ruling party won majority in parliamentary elections
  • (2008) Two-day general strike followed weeks of protests against high living costs, calls for wage increases; over 200 arrested
  • (2008) Heavy rains caused mudslide at illegal gold mine killing at least 31
  • (2008) First ladies from seven west African countries met in Ouagadougou for conference to end female circumcision
  • (2008) Collision between passenger bus and truck killed over 60 people
  • (2009) 53 million children targeted by mass immunization drive against polio in eight African countries, including Burkina Faso
  • (2009) Meeting of economy and finance ministers of 14 African countries, all using currency tied to French franc, called for boost in public spending
  • (2009) Parliament passed law requiring at least 30% of candidates put forward for election by political parties to be women
  • (2009) Five people were killed, 150,000 left homeless as heavy rainfall triggered flooding
  • (2010) Food crisis reached disastrous levels
  • (2010) Burkina Faso opened Bagre Dam's spillways during heavy rains, caused flooding in Ghana killing 17
  • (2010) President Compaore won reelection for fourth term as opposition was so divided that a unified campaign against him was not effective
  • (2010) Four of the seven candidates in presidential election claimed voting was rigged
  • (2010) France, U.S. issued travel warnings for Burkina Faso, citing possibility of kidnappings by al-Qaeda operatives
  • (2010) New gold mine opened, Premier Zongo said it would generate substantial revenue for the country
  • (2010) International Court of Justice was asked to resolve border dispute between Burkina Faso and Niger
  • (2011) Student died while in police custody, months of protests followed, left at least six dead; three policemen faced charges of aggravated assault related to the death
  • (2011) Soldiers, presidential guards stuck over unpaid allowances; thousands of people protested food prices
  • (2011) Police in Ouagadougou fired tear gas on thousands of angry merchants protesting a second night of looting by soldiers
  • (2011) Students burned ruling party headquarters, prime minister's house in Koudougou
  • (2011) President Compaore announced he would remain president, named himself defense minister
  • (2011) Police announced they would end strike
  • (2011) Over 1,000 people demonstrated in Ouagadougou demanding resignation of President Campaore
  • (2011) President Campaore named Luc Adolph Tiao, former ambassador to France, as new prime minister
  • (2011) Government forces suppressed mutiny in Bobo Dioulasso, seven killed
  • (2011) Luxembourg announced expenditure of large sum to help alleviate poverty in Burkina Faso
  • (2011) 26 merchants from Burkina Faso traveling to Lome, Togo were killed in bus crash
  • (2011) Thousands of students demonstrated, burned tires, in support of better conditions for teachers in Ouagadougou
  • (2011) Seven people killed when government forces suppressed mutiny in Bobo Dioulasso
  • (2012) Ousmane Guiro, head of Burkina Faso Customs Service, fired by President Campaore following seizure of nearly $4 million in two large suitcases traced to Mr. Guiro
  • (2012) President Campaore acted as mediator to Islamic crisis in Mali
  • (2012) Over 1,500 Malians found refuge in Burkina Faso after fleeing Tuareg rebellion and attacks in Bamako
  • (2012) Special forces from Burkina Faso flew into rebel-held territory in northern Mali, whisked Swiss hostage, Beatrice Stockly, to safety
  • (2012) UN Food Agency appealed to other nations to set up fund for food crisis in Sahel desert region, including Burkina Faso
  • (2012) Over 30 people killed in clashes over land rights on border between Burkina Faso and Mali
  • (2012) Thousands protested over steep increases of basic food items and fuel
  • (2013) Burkina Faso's team qualified for the first time for the Africa Cup of Nations finals

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