As observed on the physical map of the country, The Gambia is a very small and narrow country whose borders seem to follow the path of the meandering Gambia River, and at less than 30 miles wide at its widest point, nearly 10% of the country's land area is covered by water.
The Gambia River itself is one of Africa's major rivers. It stretches 1,130 km (700 miles) from northwestern Guinea to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. It is navigable for about half of that length.
The remainder of Gambia's terrain is a grassy flood plain with Guinean mangroves covering the landscape as you move closer to the coastline; the Sudanian Savanna lies further inland.
The highest point of the country (marked with an upright yellow triangle on the map) is an unnamed hill at 53 m at the easternmost region, and the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).
The Gambia is divided into five regions. These are Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, and West Coast. The country also has one City or Banjul which is the capital of the country. With an area of 2,894.25 sq. km, Central River is the largest region by area while the West Coast is the most populous one.
The Gambia is a country in West Africa in the Northern and Western Hemisphere regions of the Earth. It is mainland Africa's smallest country and is almost surrounded by Senegal except for a short coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Gambia Bordering Countries: Senegal.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of The Gambia|
|13 27 N, 16 34 W|
|Independence||18 February 1965 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||11,300 km2|
|Land Area||10,120 km2|
|Water Area||1,180 km2|
|Total Border||749 km|
|Bordering Countries||Senegal 749 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, rainy season (june to november); cooler, dry season (november to may)|
|Coordinates||13 28 N, 16 34 W|
|Mean Elevation||34 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||53 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Mandinka/Jahanka 34%, Fulani/Tukulur/Lorobo 22.4%, Wolof 12.6%, Jola/Karoninka 10.7%, Serahuleh 6.6%, Serer 3.2%, Manjago 2.1%, Bambara 1%, Creole/Aku Marabout 0.7%, other 0.9%, non-Gambian 5.2%, no answer 0.6% (2013 est.)|
|Languages||English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars|
|Religions||Muslim 95.7%, Christian 4.2%, none 0.1%, no response 0.1% (2013 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$751.29|
|Exports||Peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020