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The Gambia

Physical Map of The Gambia

Physical Map of The Gambia showing the state boundaries, relief, The Gambia River, highest point, and important cities.
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As observed on the physical map of the country, The Gambia is a very small and narrow country whose borders seem to follow the path of the meandering Gambia River, and at less than 30 miles wide at its widest point, nearly 10% of the country's land area is covered by water.

The Gambia River itself is one of Africa's major rivers. It stretches 1,130 km (700 miles) from northwestern Guinea to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. It is navigable for about half of that length.

The remainder of Gambia's terrain is a grassy flood plain with Guinean mangroves covering the landscape as you move closer to the coastline; the Sudanian Savanna lies further inland.

The highest point of the country (marked with an upright yellow triangle on the map) is an unnamed hill at 53 m at the easternmost region, and the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).

Regions of The Gambia Map

Political Map of The Gambia showing the 5 regions and the capital city of Banjul.
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The Gambia is divided into five regions. These are Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, and West Coast. The country also has one City or Banjul which is the capital of the country. With an area of 2,894.25 sq. km, Central River is the largest region by area while the West Coast is the most populous one.

Where is The Gambia?

Where is The Gambia?
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The Gambia is a country in West Africa in the Northern and Western Hemisphere regions of the Earth. It is mainland Africa's smallest country and is almost surrounded by Senegal except for a short coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Gambia Bordering Countries: Senegal.

Regional Maps: Map of Africa

Outline Map of The Gambia

Blank Outline Map of The Gambia

The blank outline map represents the West African country of The Gambia. The map can be downloard, printed, and used for educational purposes.

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Outline Map of The Gambia

The above map represents the outline of the West African country of The Gambia. To the left, the country has a coastline on the Atlantic and extends as a narrow horizontal band from there to the east. It is surrounded on all the other three sides by Senegal.

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Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of The Gambia
Capital City Banjul
13 27 N, 16 34 W
Independence 18 February 1965 (from the UK)

Geography

Total Area 11,300 km2
Land Area 10,120 km2
Water Area 1,180 km2
Total Border 749 km
Coastline 80 km
Bordering Countries Senegal 749 km
Climate Tropical; hot, rainy season (june to november); cooler, dry season (november to may)
Coordinates 13 28 N, 16 34 W
Mean Elevation 34 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Atlantic Ocean
Highest Elevation 53 m
unnamed elevation

Demographics

Population 2,347,706
Ethnic Groups Mandinka/Jahanka 34%, Fulani/Tukulur/Lorobo 22.4%, Wolof 12.6%, Jola/Karoninka 10.7%, Serahuleh 6.6%, Serer 3.2%, Manjago 2.1%, Bambara 1%, Creole/Aku Marabout 0.7%, other 0.9%, non-Gambian 5.2%, no answer 0.6% (2013 est.)
Languages English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Religions Muslim 95.7%, Christian 4.2%, none 0.1%, no response 0.1% (2013 est.)

Economy

Currency dalasis (GMD)
GDP $1.76 Billion
GDP Per Capita $751.29
Exports Peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels

This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

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