Guinea-Bissau is a West African country with an area of 36,125 sq. km. As observed on the physical map of the country, it has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. Most of Guinea-Bissau is low-lying. The coastal plains with Guinean mangrove swamps lead to flat savanna and forests inland. Due to the flat nature of the terrain, tidal waters reach as far as 100 km inland.
The southeastern part of the country is relatively high and dominated by the Fouta Djallon plateau with an elevation of around 180 m. From the western slopes of this plateau, Boe hills arise and extend westwards for a short distance.
The highest point of the country is an unnamed hill at 984 ft (300 m); the lowest point of Guinea-Bissau is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m)
Corubal, Geba, and Cacheu are some of the major rivers draining Guinea-Bissau and have been marked on the map.
Off the coast of Guinea-Bissau, is the Bijagos Archipelago. It is a group of some eighteen major islands and dozens of smaller ones that extends along the Atlantic Ocean coastline. The Orango Islands National Park is its main attraction.
Guinea-Bissau has 8 regions and one autonomous sector. The regions are further subdivided into 37 sectors which are in turn made up of sections which comprise of towns, villages, localities, etc.
The regions of the country are Bafata, Biombo, Bolama/Bijagos, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, and Tombali. Bissau is the autonomous sector. It is also the country's capital city.
With an area of 9,150.0 sq. km, Gabu is the largest region of Guinea-Bissau by area.
The West African country of Guinea-Bissau is one of the smallest in the continent. It is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres of the Earth. Only two countries border Guinea-Bissau. Senegal bounds it to the north while its easterna and southern boundaries are with Guina. To the west, the country has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Guinea-Bissau|
|11 51 N, 15 35 W|
|Independence||24 September 1973 (declared); 10 September 1974 (from Portugal)|
|Total Area||36,125 km2|
|Land Area||28,120 km2|
|Water Area||8,005 km2|
|Total Border||762 km|
|Bordering Countries||Guinea 421 km, Senegal 341 km|
|Climate||Tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (june to november) with southwesterly winds; dry season (december to may) with northeasterly harmattan winds|
|Coordinates||12 00 N, 15 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||70 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||300 m|
|unnamed elevation in the eastern part of the country|
|Ethnic Groups||Fulani 28.5%, Balanta 22.5%, Mandinga 14.7%, Papel 9.1%, Manjaco 8.3%, Beafada 3.5%, Mancanha 3.1%, Bijago 2.1%, Felupe 1.7%, Mansoanca 1.4%, Balanta Mane 1%, other 1.8%, none 2.2% (2008 est.)|
|Languages||Crioulo (lingua franca), Portuguese (official; largely used as a second or third language), Pular (a Fula language), Mandingo|
|Religions||Muslim 45.1%, Christian 22.1%, animist 14.9%, none 2%, unspecified 15.9% (2008 est.)|
|Currency||Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)|
|GDP Per Capita||$697.78|
|Exports||Fish, shrimp; cashews, peanuts, palm kernels, raw and sawn lumber|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020