Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the ovaries and spread to the pelvis and abdomen. When the disease is confined to the uterus treatment is possible. The spreading complicates treatment, and that stage of the disease is usually fatal. The real cause of ovarian cancer is unknown, but ovarian cancer statistics show that some theories identify genetic errors resulting from the tear and wear effect of the ovule released each month, heightened hormonal levels during ovulation may trigger the growth of abnormal cells, or that the BMI fats may also trigger the disease. About 58% of ovarian cancer cases occurr in less developed countries, Fiji, Latvia, and Bulgaria has the highest incidence rates. According to the Ovarian Cancer Statistics, European countries and North America recorded highest rates of Ovarian Cancer with Africa and Asia having the least cases.
Which Countries Have The Highest Incidence Of Ovarian Cancer In The World?
Fiji in the Pacific Islands
Fiji has the highest ovarian cancer incidence in the Pacific Islands and the whole world with 14.9 as the age-Standardized Rate per 100,000 people in the country. The mortality rate from ovarian cancer is at 11.24% according to the world health rankings. 29% of the population is overweight, and obesity is a pronounced problem in the country. Also, cancers related to dietary and weight has a high incidence. The state formed the Cancer Society to manage and curb the high rates of disease occurrence and mortality.
The incidence rate in Latvia is as high as that of Fiji with 14.2% as the age-Standardized Rate per 100,000 people in the country. The annual worldwide incidence of ovarian cancer is at around 2,045,000 and Latvia mortality rate is at approximately 124,860 cases. The cancer registry of Latvia records around 579 new cases of ovarian cancer. Studies in the region indicate that about 5% of these new cases are hereditary similar to those across Europe.
In the United Kingdom, the incidence of ovarian cancer is at 11.7% as the age-Standardized Rate per 100,000 people in the country. In 2013 there were 284 new cases recorded and ovarian cancer takes a 2% ratio of all cancer types in the UK. The prevalence rate is high among women older than 64 years. Today ovarian cancer incidence cases have increased by about 17% since 1970. In 2007 ovarian cancer records showed that 90% of the cases were in women above 45 years of age. Approximately 4300 women die in the UK every year from ovarian cancer accounting for 6% of all cancer deaths in women.
Among women in Poland ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer and it is the third cause of cancer deaths in the country. The country has 13.6% as the age-Standardized Rate per 100,000 people in the country there are 3000 new cases and about 2000 deaths annually in Poland. The World Health Rank ranks Poland at position 7 in the world with a mortality rate of 8.60%.
In other European countries with high incidence of ovarian cancer as the age-Standardized Rate per 100,000 people in the country are Bulgaria 14.0, Serbia 12.8 Serbia, Lithuania 12.2, Montenegro 12.0 in Malta 11.8 and Estonia 11.8. The mortality death rate in the countries is at 11.65% in Malta, 9.63% in Lithuanian, 6.77% in Bulgaria, 6.71% in Serbia, 6.45% in Estonia and 6.15 in Montenegro as per the World Health Rank. From these data analysis, the northern European countries report extremely high cases of Ovarian Cancer. Research indicates that hereditary ovarian cancer is the primary form of cancer in these countries.
What Are The Treatment Options?
Surgery is usually the most common treatment but at times a combination of 2 or more choices is considered. Other treatment options are therapeutic like chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and radiation therapy. The treatment option is dependent on the stage of the disease. Alternative methods or complementary treatment is available. The treatments are done alongside the primary treatment options, and they include special diets, vitamins, herbs, and acupuncture. Additional procedures must accompany main methods for them to be effective. The alternative treatment relieves pain and reduces the rate of malignant growth and spread in some people.